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Conservation Tillage And Pesticide Use In The Cornbelt


  • Fuglie, Keith O.


Adoption of conservation tillage can lead to substantial environmental benefits from reduced soil erosion. But benefits may be partially offset if adoption increases reliance on agricultural chemicals. Using area study data from the Cornbelt, this study examines factors affecting adoption of no-till and other conservation tillage systems and their effect on chemical use and corn yield. The results find no evidence that herbicide or fertilizer application rates are higher on fields with conservation tillage systems compared with conventional tillage. However, insecticide use may increase somewhat and yield may be lower. Current demographic trends in U.S. agriculture favor continued diffusion of conservation tillage.

Suggested Citation

  • Fuglie, Keith O., 1999. "Conservation Tillage And Pesticide Use In The Cornbelt," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 31(01), April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:joaaec:15138

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    Cited by:

    1. Edward D. Perry & GianCarlo Moschini & David A. Hennessy, 2016. "Testing for Complementarity: Glyphosate Tolerant Soybeans and Conservation Tillage," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 98(3), pages 765-784.
    2. Watkins, K. Bradley & Hill, Jason L. & Anders, Merle M. & Windham, Tony E., 2006. "Whole-Farm Evaluation of No-Till Profitability in Rice Production using Mixed Integer Programming," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 38(03), December.
    3. Dong, Fengxia & Mitchell, Paul D. & Davis, Vince M. & Recker, Ross, 2013. "Impact of Atrazine on the Sustainability of Weed Management in Wisconsin Corn Production," 2013 Annual Meeting, August 4-6, 2013, Washington, D.C. 150336, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    4. Mitchell, Paul D., 2011. "Estimating Soil Erosion and Fuel Use Changes and Their Monetary Values with AGSIM: A Case Study for Triazine Herbicides," Staff Paper Series 563, University of Wisconsin, Agricultural and Applied Economics.
    5. Lankoski, Jussi E. & Ollikainen, Markku & Uusitalo, Pekka, 2005. "To Till or Not to Till? Social Profitability of No-Till Technology," 2005 International Congress, August 23-27, 2005, Copenhagen, Denmark 24755, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    6. Marita Laukkanen & NAUGES Céline, 2009. "Environmental and production cost impacts of no-till: estimates from observed behavior," LERNA Working Papers 09.28.304, LERNA, University of Toulouse.
    7. Gautam, Tej K. & Bhatta, Dependra, 2017. "Determinants Of Irrigation Technology Adoptions And Production Efficiency In Nepal’S Agricultural Sector," 2017 Annual Meeting, February 4-7, 2017, Mobile, Alabama 252856, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    8. Mitchell, Paul D., 2011. "Economic Assessment of the Benefits of Chloro-s-triazine Herbicides to U.S. Corn, Sorghum, and Sugarcane Producers," Staff Paper Series 564, University of Wisconsin, Agricultural and Applied Economics.
    9. Knowler, Duncan & Bradshaw, Ben, 2007. "Farmers' adoption of conservation agriculture: A review and synthesis of recent research," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 25-48, February.
    10. repec:eee:ecolec:v:137:y:2017:i:c:p:20-28 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. repec:eee:agisys:v:156:y:2017:i:c:p:115-125 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Fernandez-Cornejo, Jorge & Nehring, Richard & Osteen, Craig & Wechsler, Seth James & Martin, Andrew & Vialou, Alex, 2014. "Pesticide Use in U.S. Agriculture: 21 Selected Crops, 1960-2008," Economic Information Bulletin 178462, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    13. Kurkalova, Lyubov A. & Kling, Catherine L. & Zhao, Jinhua, 2001. "The Subsidy For Adopting Conservation Tillage: Estimation From Observed Behavior," 2001 Annual meeting, August 5-8, Chicago, IL 20542, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    14. Deal, John, 2004. "Crop Insurance, Government Agricultural Policies, And Soil Erosion," 2004 Annual meeting, August 1-4, Denver, CO 20159, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    15. Sparling, Beth & Brethour, Cher, 2007. "An Economic Evaluation of Beneficial Management Practices for Crop Nutrients in Canadian Agriculture," Annual Meeting, July 29-August 1, 2007, Portland, Oregon 10249, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society.
    16. Teklewold, Hailemariam & Kassie, Menale & Shiferaw, Bekele & Köhlin, Gunnar, 2013. "Cropping system diversification, conservation tillage and modern seed adoption in Ethiopia: Impacts on household income, agrochemical use and demand for labor," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 85-93.
    17. Wade, Tara & Kurkalova, Lyubov A. & Secchi, Silvia, 2012. "Using the logit model with aggregated choice data in estimation of Iowa corn farmers’ conservation tillage subsidies," 2012 Annual Meeting, August 12-14, 2012, Seattle, Washington 124974, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    18. Sankranti, Sridhar & Langemeier, Michael R., 2004. "Tillage Systems, Cropping Practices, Farm Characteristics And Efficiency," 2004 Annual Meeting, February 14-18, 2004, Tulsa, Oklahoma 34632, Southern Agricultural Economics Association.
    19. Wade, Tara & Kurkalova, Lyubov & Secchi, Silvia, 2016. "Modeling Field-Level Conservation Tillage Adoption with Aggregate Choice Data," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 41(2), May.


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