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Agricultural trade liberalisation in the Doha Round: impacts on Spain


  • Philippidis, George


Whilst there is a growing literature of computable general equilibrium (CGE) studies examining the impacts of the current Doha Proposals, estimates for the EU are highly aggregated (i.e., EU15). Employing a detailed baseline scenario and a plausible Doha outcome, we examine the long run costs for the European Union, in particular focusing on Spain. Moreover, we implement recent CAP reforms through explicitly modelling of CAP mechanisms to provide greater credibility in assessing the long run asymmetric budgetary and welfare impacts on EU member states. Our estimates forecast resource substitution effects between Spanish agro-food sectors and resource shifts from agro-food activities into manufacturing and services production. In Spain, the impacts of proposed Amber box reductions on fishing subsidies and the relatively smaller GDP contribution result in negative CAP budgetary impacts on regional income. In contrast, France, Germany and the UK all realise small real income gains. Abstract. Los estudios de equilibrio general (EG) que examinan el impacto de las propuestas de la Ronda Doha se han centrado en la Unión Europea (UE) como un agregado. Partiendo de un escenario base detallado y un resultado plausible de las negociaciones de Doha, se examinan los costes a largo plazo para la UE, con especial énfasis en España. Se examinan además, las recientes reformas de la PAC para proporcionar una mayor credibilidad a la estimación de los efectos presupuestarios y sobre el bienestar de los países miembros. En España, el modelo predice una reorientación de los recursos desde el sector agro-alimentario hacia el manufacturero y de servicios. Asimismo, el impacto de la reducción en la caja à mbar sobre los susbsidios a la pesca y la relativamente menor contribución al PIB conducen a impactos negativos del presupuesto de la PAC sobre la renta regional. Por el contrario, Francia, Alemania y el Reino Unido se benefician de pequeñas ganancias reales en renta. Palabras Claves: Ronda de Doha, España, UE, PAC, Equilibrio General.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippidis, George, 2005. "Agricultural trade liberalisation in the Doha Round: impacts on Spain," Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales, Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 5(10).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:earnsa:28790

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hertel, Thomas W., 1994. "The 'procompetitive' effects of trade policy reform in a small, open economy," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(3-4), pages 391-411, May.
    2. Huff, Karen & Thomas W. Hertel, 2001. "Decomposing Welfare Changes in GTAP," GTAP Technical Papers 308, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.
    3. Bach, Christian Friis & Ken Pearson, 1996. "Implementing Quotas in GTAP Using GEMPACK or How to Linearize an Inequality," GTAP Technical Papers 307, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.
    4. Markus Lips & Peter Rieder, 2005. "Abolition of Raw Milk Quota in the European Union: A CGE Analysis at the Member Country Level," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 56(1), pages 1-17.
    5. S¯ren E. Frandsen & Hans G. Jensen & Wusheng Yu & Aage Walter-J¯rgensen, 2003. "Reform of EU sugar policy: price cuts versus quota reductions," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 30(1), pages 1-26, March.
    6. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 297-308, June.
    7. Elbehri, Aziz & Ken Pearson, 2000. "Implementing Bilateral Tariff Rate Quotas in GTAP using GEMPACK," GTAP Technical Papers 475, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University.
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    More about this item


    Doha Round; Spain; EU; CAP; Computable General Equilibrium.; F1; F13; F17; International Relations/Trade;

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F17 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Forecasting and Simulation


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