Water market institutions: lessons from Colorado
Important water issues in South Africa relate to equity, efficiency of use, quality (return flow pollution) and instream uses such as the environment. Farmers in South Africa pay water rates whether or not water is used and water is not volumetric priced. Water markets can attach an opportunity cost price and scarcity value to water. Opportunity cost pricing by the state has received no support in the international economic literature largely because of estimation problems. Water markets have started to emerge in the Lower Orange River and in the Fish and Sunday's rivers in the Eastern Cape in South Africa but there are two reasons why agricultural water markets do not release water in South Africa. The first reason is that the only water trades that have taken place in these rivers are between non-users of water and intensive users. It may take time before all sleeper rights (water not used) are activated which is also the case in Australia. Secondly, irrigation farmers in South Africa along the Orange and Sundayâ€™s rivers are permitted to irrigate a larger area if they adopt water saving technology such as drip irrigation. Although this water saving technologies will reduce water application per ha, the consumptive use of water per ha may not decrease and will increase if a larger area can be irrigated. Agricultural water markets are thus increasing the use of water and not promoting its conservation. It is thus recommended that transfers should be based on consumptive use if return flow is significant.
References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Huffaker, Ray G. & Whittlesey, Norman K., 1995. "Agricultural Water Conservation Legislation: Will It Save Water?," Choices, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 10(4).
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:agreko:54198. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search)
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.