Water Markets and Scarcity: Australia’s Murray Darling Basin and the US Southwest
Water markets in Australia’s Murray-Darling Basin and the western US are compared in terms of their ability to mitigate water scarcity. The two regions share: (1) climate variability that requires large investment in water storages; (2) the need for internal and cross-border (state) water management; (3) an historical over allocation of water to irrigators; and (4) increasing competition among different uses (agricultural, environmental and recreational in situ uses, urban demand). The evaluation of the two markets suggests that on-going water market reform along with processes to account for the public interest can promote equity, environmental sustainability and economic efficiency.
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- R. Quentin Grafton & Michael B. Ward, 2008. "Prices versus Rationing: Marshallian Surplus and Mandatory Water Restrictions," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 84(s1), pages S57-S65, 09.
- Lueck, Dean, 1995. "The Rule of First Possession and the Design of the Law," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 38(2), pages 393-436, October.
- Jedidiah Brewer & Robert Glennon & Alan Ker & Gary D. Libecap, 2007. "Water Markets in the West: Prices, Trading, and Contractual Forms," NBER Working Papers 13002, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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