Race and Gender Differences under Federal Sentencing Guidelines
Using data from the United States Sentencing Commission, we examine how judicial biases may have influenced sentences during the era of the Federal criminal sentencing guidelines. Our utility maximization model of judicial sentencing preferences leads to a partially censored ordered probit model that accounts for mass points in the sentencing distribution that occur at the upper and lower guideline limits and at sentences involving no prison time. Our results indicate that racial- and gender-based discrepancies exist, even after controlling for circumstances such as the severity of the offense and past criminal history.
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Volume (Year): 102 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 (May)
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- Max M. Schanzenbach & Emerson H. Tiller, 2007. "Strategic Judging Under the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines: Positive Political Theory and Evidence," Journal of Law, Economics and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 23(1), pages 24-56, April.
- Anderson, James M & Kling, Jeffrey R & Stith, Kate, 1999.
"Measuring Interjedge Sentencing Disparity: Before and After the Federal Sentencing Guidelines,"
Journal of Law and Economics,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 42(1), pages 271-307, April.
- Anderson, J.M. & Kling, J.R. & Stith, K., 1999. "Measuring Inter-Judge Sentencing Disparity Before and After the Federal Sentencing Guidelines," Papers 207, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Public and International Affairs.