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Residential Mobility and Unemployment of African Immigrants in France: A Calibration Approach


  • Bruno Decreuse
  • Benoît Schmutz


We build and calibrate a model of simultaneous transitions on the housing and the labor market in order to account for the residual unemployment gap between African immigrants and non-immigrants in France. Our framework allows us to distinguish between the impact of ethnic-specific geographic preferences and ethnic-specific barriers to these two markets. The labor market accounts for about 85% of the residual unemployment gap, whereas the housing market accounts for about 75% of the ethnic differences in geographic location. Geographic preferences do not substantially impact the unemployment gap and account for about 25% of differences in residential location.

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  • Bruno Decreuse & Benoît Schmutz, 2012. "Residential Mobility and Unemployment of African Immigrants in France: A Calibration Approach," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 107-108, pages 51-91.
  • Handle: RePEc:adr:anecst:y:2012:i:107-108:p:51-91

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gregory Verdugo, 2016. "Public housing magnets: public housing supply and immigrants’ location choices," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(1), pages 237-265.
    2. Pierre-Philippe Combes & Bruno Decreuse & Benoît Schmutz & Alain Trannoy, 2010. "The Neighbor is King: Customer Discrimination in the Housing Market," IDEP Working Papers 1003, Institut d'economie publique (IDEP), Marseille, France, revised Jun 2010.
    3. Pierre-Philippe Combes & Bruno Decreuse & Benoît, Department Of Economics) Schmutz & Alain Trannoy, 2015. "Neighbor Discrimination: Theory and evidence from the French rental market," Sciences Po publications 9160, Sciences Po.
    4. Benoît Schmutz, 2015. "Spatial sorting of African Immigrants in the French Public Housing Market," The Review of Black Political Economy, Springer;National Economic Association, vol. 42(3), pages 247-270, September.

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