IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/adp/jbboaj/v5y2018i1p1-13.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Impact of Raising Copayment and/or Reducing Reimbursement Benefits on Healthcare according to “Disequilibrium Bivariate Distributionâ€

Author

Listed:
  • Shanmugam R

    (Honorary Professor of International Studies, School of Health Administration, Texas State University, USA)

Abstract

This article probes and illustrates the consequences of raising co-payment and/or reducing reimbursement benefits on healthcare operations. For this purpose, a new bivariate count model with its properties is introduced. The model is named “disequilibrium bivariate Poisson distribution†. An analytic methodology and healthcare management implications are devised to perform data analysis by the healthcare managers. The Australian Health Survey of year 1977-1978 data are considered in the illustration. Thoughts for further research direction are suggested.

Suggested Citation

  • Shanmugam R, 2018. "Impact of Raising Copayment and/or Reducing Reimbursement Benefits on Healthcare according to “Disequilibrium Bivariate Distributionâ€," Biostatistics and Biometrics Open Access Journal, Juniper Publishers Inc., vol. 5(1), pages 1-13, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:adp:jbboaj:v:5:y:2018:i:1:p:1-13
    DOI: 10.19080/BBOAJ.2018.05.555651
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://juniperpublishers.com/bboaj/pdf/BBOAJ.MS.ID.555651.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://juniperpublishers.com/bboaj/BBOAJ.MS.ID.555651.php
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: https://libkey.io/10.19080/BBOAJ.2018.05.555651?utm_source=ideas
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. He, Alex Jingwei, 2014. "The doctor–patient relationship, defensive medicine and overprescription in Chinese public hospitals: Evidence from a cross-sectional survey in Shenzhen city," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 64-71.
    2. Toshiaki Iizuka & Ginger Zhe Jin, 2005. "The Effect of Prescription Drug Advertising on Doctor Visits," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(3), pages 701-727, September.
    3. Peter Berkhout & Erik Plug, 2004. "A bivariate Poisson count data model using conditional probabilities," Statistica Neerlandica, Netherlands Society for Statistics and Operations Research, vol. 58(3), pages 349-364, August.
    4. Ramalingam Shanmugam, 1997. "Stochastic modelling of consumer’s diminishing return," Statistical Methods & Applications, Springer;Società Italiana di Statistica, vol. 6(1), pages 83-92, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Bradley T. Shapiro, 2016. "Estimating the cost of strategic entry delay in pharmaceuticals: The case of Ambien CR," Quantitative Marketing and Economics (QME), Springer, vol. 14(3), pages 201-231, September.
    2. Dhaval M. Dave, 2013. "Effects of Pharmaceutical Promotion: A Review and Assessment," NBER Working Papers 18830, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Xin Zhao & Xiaoxue Li & Benno Torgler & Uwe Dulleck, 2021. "Patient violence, physicians treatment decisions, and patient welfare: Evidence from China," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 30(6), pages 1461-1479, June.
    4. Wenxin & W. & Bentum-Micah & G. & Zhiqiang & M. & Bing & L. & Asabea Addo & A. & Boadi & B.E. & Atuahene & A.S. & Bondzie-Micah & V., 2020. "The Influence of Encounter Service Quality on Patient Satisfaction: An Empirical Study in Chinese Public Hospitals," International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), vol. 0(3), pages 466-482.
    5. Brekke, Kurt R. & Kuhn, Michael, 2006. "Direct to consumer advertising in pharmaceutical markets," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 102-130, January.
    6. F. Novoa-Muñoz & M. Jiménez-Gamero, 2014. "Testing for the bivariate Poisson distribution," Metrika: International Journal for Theoretical and Applied Statistics, Springer, vol. 77(6), pages 771-793, August.
    7. Jing Sun & Jing Ma & Guangyu Hu & Qi Zhao & Changzheng Yuan & Wen Si & Xinqing Zhang & Yuanli Liu, 2017. "Welfare, wellness, and job satisfaction of Chinese physicians: A national survey of public tertiary hospitals in China," International Journal of Health Planning and Management, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(3), pages 270-284, July.
    8. Zhan Wang & Niying Li & Mengsi Jiang & Keith Dear & Chee-Ruey Hsieh, 2017. "Records of medical malpractice litigation: A potential indicator of healthcare quality in China," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2017-144, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    9. Wenxin & W. & Bentum-Micah & G. & Zhiqiang & M. & Bing & L. & Asabea Addo & A. & Boadi & B.E. & Atuahene & A.S. & Bondzie-Micah & V., 2020. "The Influence of Encounter Service Quality on Patient Satisfaction: An Empirical Study in Chinese Public Hospitals," International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), International Journal of Economics & Business Administration (IJEBA), vol. 0(3), pages 461-477.
    10. Neha Bairoliya & Pinar Karaca-Mandic & Jeffrey S. McCullough & Amil Petrin, 2017. "Consumer Learning and the Entry of Generic Pharmaceuticals," NBER Working Papers 23662, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Aristidis Nikoloulopoulos & Dimitris Karlis, 2010. "Regression in a copula model for bivariate count data," Journal of Applied Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(9), pages 1555-1568.
    12. Linghan Shan & Ye Li & Ding Ding & Qunhong Wu & Chaojie Liu & Mingli Jiao & Yanhua Hao & Yuzhen Han & Lijun Gao & Jiejing Hao & Lan Wang & Weilan Xu & Jiaojiao Ren, 2016. "Patient Satisfaction with Hospital Inpatient Care: Effects of Trust, Medical Insurance and Perceived Quality of Care," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 11(10), pages 1-18, October.
    13. Guy David & Sara Markowitz & Seth Richards-Shubik, 2010. "The Effects of Pharmaceutical Marketing and Promotion on Adverse Drug Events and Regulation," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 2(4), pages 1-25, November.
    14. Castanheira, Micael & Ornaghi, Carmine & Siotis, Georges, 2019. "The unexpected consequences of generic entry," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).
    15. Patricia M. Danzon & Eric L. Keuffel, 2014. "Regulation of the Pharmaceutical-Biotechnology Industry," NBER Chapters, in: Economic Regulation and Its Reform: What Have We Learned?, pages 407-484, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    16. Chesnes, Matthew & Jin, Ginger Zhe, 2019. "Direct-to-consumer advertising and online search," Information Economics and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 1-22.
    17. Yan Lu & Debanjan Mitra & David Musto & Sugata Ray, 2020. "Can Brands Circumvent Marketing Regulations? Exploiting Umbrella Branding in Financial Markets," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 39(1), pages 71-91, January.
    18. Abby Alpert & Darius Lakdawalla & Neeraj Sood, 2015. "Prescription Drug Advertising and Drug Utilization: The Role of Medicare Part D," NBER Working Papers 21714, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    19. Dhaval Dave & Henry Saffer, 2012. "Impact of Direct‐to‐Consumer Advertising on Pharmaceutical Prices and Demand," Southern Economic Journal, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 79(1), pages 97-126, July.
    20. Yuxian Du & Yan Du & Nengliang Yao, 2020. "Patient-provider relationships in China: A qualitative study on the perspectives of healthcare students and junior professionals," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 15(10), pages 1-11, October.

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:adp:jbboaj:v:5:y:2018:i:1:p:1-13. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Robert Thomas (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.