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Berufliche Mobilität zur Anpassung struktureller Diskrepanzen am Arbeitsmarkt

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  • Velling, Johannes
  • Bender, Stefan
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    Abstract

    Based on a theoretical model, the occupational mobility at the West German labor market is empirically investigated. For this purpose, an own concept of occupational mobility is developed. Using a multivariate proportional hazard cox model, several influential variables of occupational mobility are determined. The probability of an occupational change decreases with age, a better occupational status, and the size of the firm. A longer time of non-employment as well as a higher risk of unemployment makes a change of occupation more likely. Employees who change only occupation but stay in the same firm differ from simultaneous interfirm and interoccupational movers with respect to the influence of the wage and the size of the firm. The past duration of employment in the same occupation has a negative impact on occupational mobility, however this impact becomes insignificantly as the relative frequency of past changes is also included in the estimation. The wage differential between past and present occupation is largest for men and young employees. It decreases with the duration of employment in the same occupation, the duration of non-employment and the relative frequency of past changes. The purchase of an additional qualification (university, foreman degree) leads to a higher wage after occupational change. A simultaneous change of the firm increases wages the larger the new firm relative to the old firm. Occupational change within the same firm leads to higher wages with increasing firm size. --

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Discussion Papers with number 94-19.

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    Date of creation: 1994
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:9419

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    1. Topel, Robert H & Ward, Michael P, 1992. "Job Mobility and the Careers of Young Men," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 107(2), pages 439-79, May.
    2. Mincer, Jacob & Polachek, Solomon, 1974. "Family Investment in Human Capital: Earnings of Women," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(2), pages S76-S108, Part II, .
    3. Miller, Robert A, 1984. "Job Matching and Occupational Choice," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 92(6), pages 1086-120, December.
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    Cited by:
    1. repec:iab:iabmit:v:28:i:2:p:224-238 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Ronald Bachmann & Michael C. Burda, 2007. "Sectoral Transformation, Turbulence, and Labor Market Dynamics in Germany," Ruhr Economic Papers, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen 0005, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
    3. repec:iab:iabmit:v:30:i:3:p:663-670 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:iab:iabmit:v:28:i:1:p:76-95 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Mertens, Antje, 1997. "Industrielle und berufliche Mobilität: Eine Untersuchung auf Basis der IAB-Beschäftigtenstichprobe," SFB 373 Discussion Papers 1997,62, Humboldt University of Berlin, Interdisciplinary Research Project 373: Quantification and Simulation of Economic Processes.
    6. Burkert, Carola & Seibert, Holger, 2007. "Labour market outcomes after vocational training in Germany : equal opportunities for migrants and natives?," IAB Discussion Paper 200731, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    7. repec:iab:iabmit:v:30:i:3:p:675-680 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Stuth, Stefan & Hennig, Marina & Allmendinger, Jutta, 2009. "Die Bedeutung des Berufs für die Dauer von Erwerbsunterbrechungen," Discussion Papers, Presidential Department P 2009-001, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    9. repec:iab:iabmit:v:34:i:3:p:269-285 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Matthes, Britta & Burkert, Carola & Biersack, Wolfgang, 2008. "Berufssegmente: Eine empirisch fundierte Neuabgrenzung vergleichbarer beruflicher Einheiten," IAB Discussion Paper 200835, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].

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