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Labour market outcomes after vocational training in Germany : equal opportunities for migrants and natives?

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  • Burkert, Carola

    ()
    (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

  • Seibert, Holger

    ()
    (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

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    Abstract

    "German in-firm vocational training combines training on the job and learning in vocational schools. The so called 'dual system' absorbs roughly two thirds of German school leavers every year. After between two and four years of standardized training, it provides them with a generally accepted qualification in a wide range of occupations. Using Spence's Signaling Theory, hypotheses are derived concerning different labour market outcomes of foreigners who successfully completed an in-firm vocational training course and their German counterparts. The integration potential of the dual system is tested empirically according to its risk factors unemployment, occupational mismatch and skill mismatch using longitudinal registration data (1977-2004). Different nationalities are compared with Germans with respect to their first employment after leaving the dual system. Today, most of the young migrants who go through the dual system are as successful on the labour market as Germans. In-firm vocational training apparently provides migrant youth with the skills and techniques necessary for a successful transition to the labour market. However, they have restricted transition chances due to having higher unemployment rates, occupational mismatch and skill mismatch. But even if we control for relevant variables that determine transition chances, restrictions at labour market entry still remain for individual nationalities: compared to Germans, migrant men and especially migrant women have a higher risk of unemployment and occupational mismatch." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en)) Additional Information Hier finden Sie eine deutschsprachige Kurzfassung des Beitrags.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] in its series IAB Discussion Paper with number 200731.

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    Length: 43 pages
    Date of creation: 18 Dec 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:iab:iabdpa:200731

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    Keywords: Jugendliche; ausländische Jugendliche; Berufseinmündung; betriebliche Berufsausbildung; Arbeitsmarktchancen; Ausbildungsabsolventen;

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    References

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    1. Phelps, Edmund S, 1972. "The Statistical Theory of Racism and Sexism," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 62(4), pages 659-61, September.
    2. Riphahn, Regina T., 2001. "Cohort Effects in the Educational Attainment of Second Generation Immigrants in Germany: An Analysis of Census Data," IZA Discussion Papers 291, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Bernd Fitzenberger & Alexandra Spitz, 2004. "Die Anatomie des Berufswechsels : eine empirische Bestandsaufnahme auf Basis der BIBB/IAB-Daten 1998/1999," Working Papers of the Research Group Heterogenous Labor, Research Group Heterogeneous Labor, University of Konstanz/ZEW Mannheim 04-02, Research Group Heterogeneous Labor, University of Konstanz/ZEW Mannheim.
    4. Regina T. Riphahn, 2005. "Are there Diverging Time Trends in the Educational Attainment of Nationals and Second Generation Immigrants?," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, Department of Statistics and Economics, vol. 225(3), pages 325-346, May.
    5. Velling, Johannes & Bender, Stefan, 1994. "Berufliche Mobilität zur Anpassung struktureller Diskrepanzen am Arbeitsmarkt," ZEW Discussion Papers, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research 94-19, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    6. Damelang, Andreas & Haas, Anette, 2006. "Arbeitsmarkteinstieg nach dualer Berufsausbildung : Migranten und Deutsche im Vergleich," IAB-Forschungsbericht, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] 200617, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    7. Philip Moss & Chris Tilly, 1995. "Skills and Race in Hiring: Quantitative Findings from Face-to-Face Interviews," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 21(3), pages 357-374, Summer.
    8. Spence, A Michael, 1973. "Job Market Signaling," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, MIT Press, vol. 87(3), pages 355-74, August.
    9. Borjas, George J & Goldberg, Matthew S, 1978. "Biased Screening and Discrimination in the Labor Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 68(5), pages 918-22, December.
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