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Analyse der Finanzmärkte der USA in den fünf Bankenkrisen der National Banking-Ära

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  • Körnert, Jan
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    Abstract

    Zahlungs- und Schuldendeckungsfähigkeit stellen finanzwirtschaftliche Existenzbedingungen dar, deren Einhaltung in Bankenkrisen gefährdet ist. Das war nicht anders in den Bankenkri-sen der National Banking-Ära der USA. Fraglich ist, ob mit der Einführung des Federal Re-serve Systems eine angemessene Antwort auf die Probleme in den Bankenkrisen der National Banking-Ära gegeben wurde. Der Aufsatz kommt einerseits zum Schluß, daß das Federal Reserve System in der Lage war, die strukturellen Probleme zu lösen. Auf der anderen Seite wäre das Federal Reserve System mit den Schuldendeckungsproblemen in der Bankenkrise 1890 und mit dem panikartigen Verhalten der Einleger 1873 und 1884 überfordert gewesen. -- Liquidity and solvency are conditional for banks' existence. They are endangered during banking crises. Since the banking crises of the National Banking Era in the USA are no exceptions, the question remains whether the foundation of the Federal Reserve System offered an adequate solution to the relevant problems of the era. The study concludes that the introduction of the Federal Reserve System offered a good chance to solve the structural problems. On the other side, the Federal Reserve System would not have been in a position to come to the aid of troubled banks in the crises of 1890, 1873 and 1884 - either due to solvency problems or runs by depositors.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald, Faculty of Law and Economics in its series Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Diskussionspapiere with number 01/2006.

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    Date of creation: 2006
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    Handle: RePEc:zbw:grewdp:012006

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    Related research

    Keywords: Banking Crisis; National Banking Era; Liquidity; Solvency; Federal Reserve System; Bankenkrisen; National Banking-Ära; Zahlungsfähigkeit; Schuldendeckungsfähigkeit;

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    1. Franklin Allen & Douglas Gale, 1976. "Optimal Financial Crises," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 97-01, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
    2. Charles W. Calomiris & Gary Gorton, 1991. "The Origins of Banking Panics: Models, Facts, and Bank Regulation," NBER Chapters, in: Financial Markets and Financial Crises, pages 109-174 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Donaldson, R. Glen, 1992. "Costly liquidation, interbank trade, bank runs and panics," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 59-82, March.
    4. V.V. Chari, 1989. "Banking without deposit insurance or bank panics: lessons from a model of the U.S. national banking system," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Sum, pages 3-19.
    5. Paroush, Jacob, 1988. " The Domino Effect and the Supervision of the Banking System," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 43(5), pages 1207-18, December.
    6. Douglas W. Diamond & Raghuram G. Rajan, 2002. "Liquidity Shortages and Banking Crises," NBER Working Papers 8937, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Miron, Jeffrey A, 1986. "Financial Panics, the Seasonality of the Nominal Interest Rate, and theFounding of the Fed," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(1), pages 125-40, March.
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