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Do labour taxes (and their composition) affect wages in the short and in the long run?

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Author Info

  • Alfonso Arpaia

    (ECFIN, European Commission)

  • Giuseppe Carone

    (ECFIN, European Commission)

Abstract

Measures aimed at reducing the tax burden on labour have been advocated to alleviate the EU unemployment problem. Most of the analyses document a relationship between the unemployment rate and the tax burden on labour. Hence, it is not possible to discern whether the effect on unemployment derives from labour demand, labour supply or through the wage formation mechanism. Moreover, the empirical analyses are usually static, and may be indicative of the steady-state determinants of the unemployment rate and do not reveal the features of the adjustment process. This paper studies the relationship between labour taxes and labour costs by modelling the wage formation mechanism in a dynamic context. We test if the composition of labour taxes affects labour costs in the short- and in the long-run and whether highly centralised bargaining systems have better employment performance than decentralised ones. We apply static and dynamic panel data techniques to a panel of EU countries. Our findings suggest that there is probably some wage resistance in the short-term but not in the long-term, although the transition to the long-term can be very long and therefore the short- term impact and the dynamics of adjustment can be long-lasting.

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File URL: http://128.118.178.162/eps/pe/papers/0411/0411004.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Public Economics with number 0411004.

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Length: 61 pages
Date of creation: 12 Nov 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwppe:0411004

Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 61
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Web page: http://128.118.178.162

Related research

Keywords: Taxation; tax wedge; tax incidence; labour costs; wage resistance; employment; dynamic panel data; social security contributions.;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Coenen, Günter & McAdam, Peter & Straub, Roland, 2007. "Tax reform and labour-market performance in the euro area: a simulation-based analysis using the New Area-Wide Model," Working Paper Series 0747, European Central Bank.
  2. Sandrine Levasseur, 2011. "labour markets adjustments in Estonia during the global crisis," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2011-25, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  3. Jose Emilio Boscá & Rafael Domenech & Javier Ferri, 2008. "Tax Reforms and Labour-market Performance: An Evaluation for Spain using REMS," Working Papers 0804, International Economics Institute, University of Valencia.
  4. Sandrine LEVASSEUR, 2012. "Labour market adjustments in Estonia during the 2008/2011 crisis," Eastern Journal of European Studies, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 3, pages 123-143, June.
  5. Sandrine Levasseur, 2011. "Labour market adjustments in Estonia during the global crisis," Sciences Po publications 2011-25, Sciences Po.
  6. Strecker, Nora & Egger, Peter & Radulescu, Doina, 2012. "Effective Labor Taxation and the International Location of Headquarters," Annual Conference 2012 (Goettingen): New Approaches and Challenges for the Labor Market of the 21st Century 62086, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  7. Ángel Melguizo & José González-Páramo, 2013. "Who bears labour taxes and social contributions? A meta-analysis approach," SERIEs, Spanish Economic Association, vol. 4(3), pages 247-271, August.
  8. Giuseppe Carone & Jan Host Schmidt & Gaetan Nicodeme, 2007. "Tax revenues in the European Union: Recent trends and challenges ahead," European Economy - Economic Papers 280, Directorate General Economic and Monetary Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  9. European Commission, 2011. "Tax Reforms in EU Member States 2011: tax policy challenges for economic growth and fiscal sustainability," Taxation Papers 28, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
  10. Elisabetta Croci Angelini & Francesco Farina, . "Wage Inequality in Europe: the Role of Labour Market and Redistributive Institutions," Department of Economics University of Siena 463, Department of Economics, University of Siena.
  11. Tehmina S. Khan & John Norregaard, 2007. "Tax Policy," IMF Working Papers 07/274, International Monetary Fund.

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