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Agglomeration, Congestion, and Regional Unemployment Disparities

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  • Ulrich Zierahn

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Abstract

Regional labor markets are characterized by huge disparities of unemployment rates. Models of the New Economic Geography explain how disparities of regional goods markets endogenously arise but usually assume full employment. This paper discusses regional unemployment disparities by introducing a wage curve based on efficiency wages into the New Economic Geography. The model shows how disparities of regional goods and labor markets endogenously arise through the interplay of increasing returns to scale, transport costs, congestion costs, and migration. In result, the agglomeration pattern might be catastrophic or smooth depending on congestion costs. The transition between both patterns is smooth.

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Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa11p303.

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Date of creation: Sep 2011
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Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa11p303

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Cited by:
  1. Ulrich Zierahn, 2012. "Monocentric Cities, Endogenous Agglomeration, and Unemployment Disparities," MAGKS Papers on Economics, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung) 201238, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
  2. Zierahn, Ulrich, 2011. "Regional unemployment and new economic geography," HWWI Research Papers, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI) 105, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWI).

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