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Increasing Returns and Spatial Unemployment Disparities

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Abstract

Standard models of the new trade and location theories usually assume full employment and are thus ill-equipped to study spatial unemployment differences, which in reality are more pronounced that income disparities. Regional labour market theories like the ´wage curve´-approach on the other hand can not endogenously explain the origin of regional economic disparities. We analyse regional agglomeration and regional unemployment in an unified approach by combining a wage curve with an increasing returns technology. We find that regional unemployment rates closely resemble the coreperiphery structure of regional GDP per capita. This matches the stylised facts from EU-15.

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File URL: http://www2.vwl.wiso.uni-goettingen.de/departmentpaper/NO_117.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Goettingen, Department of Economics in its series Departmental Discussion Papers with number 117.

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Date of creation: 01 Apr 2003
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Handle: RePEc:got:vwldps:117

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Web page: http://www.economics.uni-goettingen.de
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Keywords: Regional Unemployment; Economic Geography; Increasing Returns; Wage Curve; Migration; Labor Mobility;

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