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Análisis Conjunto de la Asistencia a Preescolar y de su Impacto en el Rendimiento Escolar en el Corto y el Largo Plazo

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Author Info

  • Renato Aguilar

    (Departamento de Economía, University of Gothenburg, Sweden)

  • Ruben Tansini

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

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    Abstract

    The outcomes of the cohort of first year pupils of primary school of Montevideo in 1999 reveal effectiveness, efficiency and equity problems of the system. The pupils do not complete primary cycle on schedule, the worst results are obtained by those who attend to schools of unfavorable socioeconomic context and half fails to finish the school cycle on schedule. One of the actions to address these shortcomings was the expansion of public pre-school education. Previous work on the cohort, by probit and OLS estimates, confirmed that preschool education has had a positive impact on short and long term school performance. However, these estimates could be biased by endogeneity of the variable pre-school, which in this paper we try to remedy through bivariate probit and treatment effects models. These new results confirm that in previous estimation by probit and OLS models, we underestimated the positive impacts of preschool attendance both in the short and the long run.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Department of Economics - dECON in its series Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) with number 3110.

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    Length: 29 pages
    Date of creation: Dec 2010
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:3110

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    Web page: http://www.fcs.edu.uy/subcategoria.php?SubCatId=48&CatId=53
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    Related research

    Keywords: preschool education; school results; bivariate probit; treatment effects; Uruguay;

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    References

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    1. Katherine A. Magnuson & Christopher J. Ruhm & Jane Waldfogel, 2004. "Does Prekindergarten Improve School Preparation and Performance?," NBER Working Papers 10452, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Samuel Berlinski & Sebastian Galiani & Marco Manacorda, 2006. "Giving children a better start: preschool attendance and school-age profiles," IFS Working Papers W06/18, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    3. Eric A. Hanushek, . "Interpreting Recent Research on Schooling in Developing Countries," Wallis Working Papers WP3, University of Rochester - Wallis Institute of Political Economy.
    4. Hanushek, Eric A, 1986. "The Economics of Schooling: Production and Efficiency in Public Schools," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 24(3), pages 1141-77, September.
    5. Berlinski, Samuel & Galiani, Sebastian & Gertler, Paul, 2009. "The effect of pre-primary education on primary school performance," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(1-2), pages 219-234, February.
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