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No Child Left Behind: Universal Child Care and Children’s Long-Run Outcomes

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Author Info

  • Havnes, Tarjei

    ()
    (University of Oslo)

  • Mogstad, Magne

    ()
    (University of Chicago)

Abstract

There is a heated debate in the US, Canada and many European countries about introducing universally accessible child care. However, studies on universal child care and child development are scarce and only consider short-run outcomes. We analyze the introduction of universal child care in Norway, addressing the impact on children's long-run outcomes. Our precise and robust difference-in-difference estimates show that child care had strong positive effects on children's educational attainment and labor market participation, and also reduced welfare dependency. Subsample analysis indicates that children with low educated mothers and girls benefit the most from child care.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 4561.

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Length: 60 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 2011, 3 (2), 97-129
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4561

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Keywords: child development; universal child care; long-run outcomes;

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