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Money for Nothing? Universal Child Care and Maternal Employment

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Author Info

  • Havnes, Tarjei

    ()
    (Dept. of Economics, University of Oslo)

  • Mogstad, Magne

    ()
    (Statistics Norway)

Abstract

The strong correlation between child care and maternal employment rates has led previous research to conclude that a ordable and readily available child care is a driving force both of cross-country di erences in maternal employment and of its rapid growth over the last decades. We analyze the introduction of subsidized, universally accessible child care in Norway. Our precise and robust di erence-in-di erences estimates reveal that there is little, if any, causal e ect of child care on maternal employment, despite a strong correlation. Instead of increasing mothers' labor supply, the new subsidized child care mostly crowds out informal child care arrangements, suggesting a signi cant net cost of the child care subsidies.

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File URL: http://www.sv.uio.no/econ/english/research/memorandum/pdf-files/2009/Memo-24-2009.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Oslo University, Department of Economics in its series Memorandum with number 24/2009.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: 01 Oct 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: Forthcoming as Havnes, Tarjei and Magne Mogstad, 'Money for Nothing? Universal Child Care and Maternal Employment' in Journal of Public Economics.
Handle: RePEc:hhs:osloec:2009_024

Contact details of provider:
Postal: Department of Economics, University of Oslo, P.O Box 1095 Blindern, N-0317 Oslo, Norway
Phone: 22 85 51 27
Fax: 22 85 50 35
Email:
Web page: http://www.oekonomi.uio.no/indexe.html
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Keywords: universal child care; female labor force participation;

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