No Child Left Behind: Universal Child Care and Children's Long-Run Outcomes
AbstractThere is a heated debate in the US, Canada and many European countries about introducing universally accessible child care. However, studies on universal child care and child development are scarce and only consider short-run outcomes. We analyze the introduction of universal child care in Norway, addressing the impact on children’s long-run outcomes. Our precise and robust difference-in-difference estimates show that child care had strong positive effects on children’s educational attainment and labor market participation, and also reduced welfare dependency. Subsample analysis indicates that children with low educated mothers and girls benefit the most from child care.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Oslo University, Department of Economics in its series Memorandum with number 23/2009.
Length: 60 pages
Date of creation: 30 Sep 2009
Date of revision:
Publication status: Forthcoming as Havnes, Tarjei and Magne Mogstad, 'No Child Left Behind: Subsidized Child Care and Children's Long-Run Outcomes' in American Economic Journal: Economic Policy.
Contact details of provider:
Postal: Department of Economics, University of Oslo, P.O Box 1095 Blindern, N-0317 Oslo, Norway
Phone: 22 85 51 27
Fax: 22 85 50 35
Web page: http://www.oekonomi.uio.no/indexe.html
More information through EDIRC
universal child care; child development; long-run outcomes;
Other versions of this item:
- Tarjei Havnes & Magne Mogstad, 2009. "No Child Left Behind. Universal Child Care and Children’s Long-Run Outcomes," Discussion Papers 582, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
- Havnes, Tarjei & Mogstad, Magne, 2009. "No Child Left Behind: Universal Child Care and Children’s Long-Run Outcomes," IZA Discussion Papers 4561, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- H40 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - General
- I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
- J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-02-13 (All new papers)
- NEP-EUR-2010-02-13 (Microeconomic European Issues)
- NEP-LAB-2010-02-13 (Labour Economics)
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