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Causality between Indian Exports, Imports, and Agricultural, Manufacturing GDP

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  • László Kónya

    ()
    (School of Economics, La Trobe University)

  • Jai Pal Singh

    (Department of Business Management CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, India)

Abstract

Singh and Kónya (2006) studied the relationship between Indian GDP, exports, and imports from 1950/51 to 2003/2004. A logical further step is to investigate the same issue for two major sectors of the Indian economy: agriculture and manufacturing. In both sectors there is evidence of Granger causality between GDP and total exports, imports. In particular, agricultural GDP causes imports, exports cause agricultural GDP, and any two variables jointly cause the third one. There is also some evidence for agricultural GDP causing exports, and imports causing agricultural GDP, though these results are sensitive to model specification. As regards manufacturing, there seems to be two-way causality between manufacturing GDP and exports, imports cause manufacturing GDP, manufacturing GDP and imports jointly cause exports, and exports and imports jointly cause manufacturing GDP, but manufacturing GDP and exports do not seem to cause imports. Finally, there is also some evidence for manufacturing GDP causing imports, but this result is also sensitive to model specification.

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File URL: http://www.latrobe.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0014/130901/2007.02.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by School of Economics, La Trobe University in its series Working Papers with number 2007.02.

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Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:trb:wpaper:2007.02

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Keywords: causality; agricultural and manufacturing GDP; export; import; India.;

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  1. László Kónya & Jai Pal Singh, 2006. "Exports, Imports and Economic Growth in India," Working Papers 2006.06, School of Economics, La Trobe University.
  2. Toda, Hiro Y. & Yamamoto, Taku, 1995. "Statistical inference in vector autoregressions with possibly integrated processes," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 66(1-2), pages 225-250.
  3. Esfahani, Hadi Salehi, 1991. "Exports, imports, and economic growth in semi-industrialized countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 93-116, January.
  4. Judith A. Giles & Cara L. Williams, 2000. "Export-Led Growth: A Survey of the Empirical Literature and Some Noncausality Results, Part 1," Econometrics Working Papers 0001, Department of Economics, University of Victoria.
  5. Chow, Peter C. Y., 1987. "Causality between export growth and industrial development : Empirial evidence from the NICs," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 55-63, June.
  6. Carlos Arnade & Utpal Vasavada, 1995. "Causality Between Productivity And Exports In Agriculture: Evidence From Asia And Latin America," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(2), pages 174-186.
  7. Bagala Biswal & Urvashi Dhawan, 1998. "Export-led growth hypothesis: cointegration and causality analysis for Taiwan," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(11), pages 699-701.
  8. Sims, Christopher A, 1972. "Money, Income, and Causality," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(4), pages 540-52, September.
  9. Fosu, Augustin Kwasi, 1990. "Exports and economic growth: The African case," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 831-835, June.
  10. Judith A. Giles & Sadaf Mirza, 1999. "Some Pretesting Issues on Testing for Granger Noncausality," Econometrics Working Papers 9914, Department of Economics, University of Victoria.
  11. Subrata Ghatak & Chris Milner & Utku Utkulu, 1997. "Exports, export composition and growth : cointegration and causality evidence for Malaysia," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(2), pages 213-223.
  12. repec:ubc:bricol:91-32 is not listed on IDEAS
  13. Ram, Rati, 1990. "Imports and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Study," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio di Genova, vol. 43(1), pages 45-66.
  14. Jordan Shan & Fiona Sun, 1998. "On the export-led growth hypothesis: the econometric evidence from China," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(8), pages 1055-1065.
  15. Judith A. Giles & Cara L. Williams, 2000. "Export-Led Growth: A Survey of the Empirical Literature and Some Noncausality Results, Part 2," Econometrics Working Papers 0002, Department of Economics, University of Victoria.
  16. Judith A. Clarke & Sadaf Mirza, 2003. "Some Finite Sample Results On Testing For Granger Noncausality," Econometrics Working Papers 0305, Department of Economics, University of Victoria.
  17. Boltho, Andrea, 1996. "Was Japanese Growth Export-Led?," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 48(3), pages 415-32, July.
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