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Faut-il des règles de politiques budgétaires ?

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Author Info

  • Henri Sterdyniak

    (OFCE)

  • Catherine Mathieu

    (OFCE)

Abstract

En raison de la crise des dettes publiques, les projets visant à instaurer des règles budgétaires sont revenus au premier plan. Cette étude analyse leurs justi fications et les spécifications proposées, dans un cadre néo-classique, puis dans un cadre keynésien. Il n'y a aucune preuve qu’au cours de la dernière période, les déficits publics aient été la conséquence de l’indiscipline budgétaire et aient induit des taux d'intérêt trop élevés. Aucune des règles budgétaires proposées n’est économiquement satisfaisante, c’est-à-dire capable d’indiquer la politique optimale face à tous les chocs. L’étude propose une analyse des expériences de règles budgétaires nationales (comme la règle d'or au Royaume-Uni) ou européennes (comme le Pacte de stabilité et de croissance) ; elle montre qu'elles n’ont pas fonctionné avant et pendant la crise. La dernière section discute du projet européen, le « Pacte budgétaire », qui risque de paralyser les politiques budgétaires et d'empêcher la stabilisation économique. L'urgence aujourd'hui n'est pas d'augmenter la discipline des finances publiques mais de remettre en question les évolutions économiques qui rendent les déficits publics nécessaires.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number info:hdl:2441/eo6779thqgm5r489m6u1i2a0o.

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Date of creation: Dec 2012
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Publication status: Published in Revue de l'OFCE - Débats et politiques, 2012, pp.299-346
Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/eo6779thqgm5r489m6u1i2a0o

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Keywords: Politique budgétaire; Règles budgétaires;

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References

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  1. Catherine Mathieu & Henri Sterdyniak, 2003. "Réformer le Pacte de stabilité : l’état du débat," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/1783, Sciences Po.
  2. Tabellini, Guido & Alesina, Alberto, 1990. "A Positive Theory of Fiscal Deficits and Government Debt," Scholarly Articles 3612769, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  3. Catherine Mathieu & Henri Sterdyniak, 2009. "La globalisation financière en crise," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 13-73.
  4. Charles Wyplosz, 2012. "Fiscal Rules: Theoretical Issues and Historical Experiences," NBER Working Papers 17884, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Lars Calmfors & Simon Wren-Lewis, 2011. "What Should Fiscal Councils Do?," CESifo Working Paper Series 3382, CESifo Group Munich.
  6. AfDB AfDB, . "AfDB Group Annual Report 2008," Annual Report, African Development Bank, number 64 edited by Koua Louis Kouakou, 6.
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  8. Leeper, Eric M., 1991. "Equilibria under 'active' and 'passive' monetary and fiscal policies," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 129-147, February.
  9. Catherine Mathieu & Henri Sterdyniak, 2003. "Réformer le pacte de stabilité : l'état du débat," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 84(1), pages 145-179.
  10. Lars Calmfors, 2012. "Can the Eurozone Develop into a Well-functioning Fiscal Union?," CESifo Forum, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 13(1), pages 10-16, 04.
  11. Charles Wyplosz, 2011. "Fiscal Discipline: Rules Rather than Institutions," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 217(1), pages R19-R30, July.
  12. Mathieu, Catherine & Sterdyniak, Henri, 2011. "Finances publiques, sorties de crise..," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/12010, Paris Dauphine University.
  13. Eisner, Robert, 1989. "Budget Deficits: Rhetoric and Reality," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 3(2), pages 73-93, Spring.
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  15. Thomas J. Sargent & Neil Wallace, 1981. "Some unpleasant monetarist arithmetic," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Fall.
  16. Yeva S. Nersisyan & L. Randall Wray, 2011. "Un excès de dette publique handicape-t-il réellement la croissance ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 173-190.
  17. Allen Schick, 2010. "Post-Crisis Fiscal Rules: Stabilising Public Finance while Responding to Economic Aftershocks," OECD Journal on Budgeting, OECD Publishing, vol. 10(2), pages 1-18.
  18. Bruno Ducoudré, 2005. "Politique budgétaire et taux d'intérêt," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 95(4), pages 243-277.
  19. Hasan Doluca & Malte Hübner & Dominik Rumpf & Benjamin Weigert, 2013. "The European Redemption Pact. An illustrative guide," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(1), pages 341-367.
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Cited by:
  1. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/c6t1fl36hv9s7q89j8pa18291 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. Henri Sterdyniak, 2012. "Ramener à zéro le déficit public doit-il être l’objectif central de la politique économique ?," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/c6t1fl36hv9, Sciences Po.

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