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Faut-il remettre en cause la politique familiale française ?

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  • Henri Sterdyniak

    (OFCE)

Abstract

La politique familiale française réalise un arbitrage délicat entre trois objectifs : assurer un niveau de vie minimal à chaque enfant, assurer aux familles le même niveau de vie qu’aux personnes sans enfant, favoriser l’emploi féminin. Malgré ses réussites en termes de taux de fécondité et de taux d’emploi des femmes, la politique familiale française est souvent remise en cause : elle serait trop coûteuse, profiterait aux plus riches et nuirait au travail des femmes. L’article montre que ces critiques ne sont pas pertinentes. Le quotient conjugal et le quotient familial sont des composantes nécessaires de l’impôt progressif. Cibler les prestations sur les plus pauvres affaiblirait la cohérence de la politique familiale. La politique familiale transfère des masses relativement importantes aux familles ; la prise en charge du coût des enfants est totale pour les familles à bas revenus et diminue quand le revenu augmente. Une grande réforme, qui remplacerait l’ensemble des prestations familiales et des dispositifs fiscaux, par une allocation uniforme par enfant affaiblirait la politique familiale, éloignerait de la parité familiale et nuirait aux familles nombreux.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number info:hdl:2441/5l6uh8ogmqildh09h61km0lko.

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Date of creation: Jan 2011
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Publication status: Published in Revue de l'OFCE, 2011, pp.333-366
Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/5l6uh8ogmqildh09h61km0lko

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Keywords: politique familiale; fiscalité;

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  1. Guillaume Allègre & Gérard Cornilleau & Henri Sterdyniak, 2007. "Vers la fusion de l'impôt sur le revenu et de la CSG ?," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 101(2), pages 269-314.
  2. Mireille Elbaum, 2010. "La politique familiale : des « retours sur investissement » qui dépendent de choix économiques et sociaux," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2010-20, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  3. Henri Sterdyniak, 2004. "Contre l'individualisation des droits sociaux," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/5272, Sciences Po.
  4. Masson, André, 2009. "Des liens et des transferts entre générations," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/5804, Paris Dauphine University.
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Cited by:
  1. Michaël Zemmour, 2013. "Les dépenses socio-fiscales ayant trait à la protection sociale : état des lieux," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/6o65lgig8d0, Sciences Po.

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