Should macroeconomists consider restricted perception equilibria? Evidence from the experimental laboratory
AbstractAbstract: This paper studies a simple model of output and inflation in the experimental laboratory. While the Rational Expectations Equilibrium (REE)predicts output and inflation to be white noise processes, output and inflation in experimental sessions display stable cyclical patterns. For about 50 model periods agents' expectations, which are the sole source of these patterns, are described extremely well by a Restricted Perceptions Equilibrium (RPE). In this equilibrium agents use the univariate forecast function which generates the lowest mean squared forecast error at the 1-step forecast horizon and iterate these forecasts to derive multi-step predictions. After about 50 model periods agents seem to learn that their simple univariate forecast function is misspecified and start to employ different forecast models for different prediction horizons. The data suggests that the new models are again optimal univariate forecast functions and evidence in favor of convergence towards the REE remains weak, even after more than 100 model periods. However, for model parameterizations where an RPE does not exist, agents' expectations are captured relatively well by the REE.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Society for Computational Economics in its series Computing in Economics and Finance 2004 with number 338.
Date of creation: 11 Aug 2004
Date of revision:
Experiments; Equilibrium Selection; Restricted Perceptions Equilibrium; Univariate Forecast Functions;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
- E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
- C91 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Evans, George W & Ramey, Garey, 1992. "Expectation Calculation and Macroeconomic Dynamics," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 207-24, March.
- Klaus Adam, 2002. "Adaptive Learning and Cyclical Behavior of Output and Inflation," Macroeconomics 0211013, EconWPA.
- George W. Evans & Garey Ramey, 2001.
""Adaptive Expectations, Underparameterization and the Lucas Critique,"
University of Oregon Economics Department Working Papers
2001-8, University of Oregon Economics Department, revised 01 Dec 2004.
- Evans, George W. & Ramey, Garey, 2006. "Adaptive expectations, underparameterization and the Lucas critique," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 249-264, March.
- Evans, George W & Ramey, Garey, 2001. "Adaptive Expectations, Underparameterization and the Lucas Critique," University of California at San Diego, Economics Working Paper Series qt41f2h196, Department of Economics, UC San Diego.
- Ramon Marimon & Shyam Sunder, 1993.
"Indeterminacy of equilibria in a hyperinflationary world: Experimental evidence,"
Economics Working Papers
25, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
- Marimon, Ramon & Sunder, Shyam, 1993. "Indeterminacy of Equilibria in a Hyperinflationary World: Experimental Evidence," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 61(5), pages 1073-107, September.
- Anderson, Robert M & Sonnenschein, Hugo, 1985. "Rational Expectations Equilibrium with Econometric Models," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(3), pages 359-69, July.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Christopher F. Baum).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.