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Modeling and predicting the CBOE market volatility index

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Author Info

  • Marcelo Fernandes

    ()
    (Queen Mary, University of London)

  • Marcelo Cunha Medeiros

    ()
    (Department of Economics, PUC-Rio)

  • MArcelo Scharth

    ()

Abstract

This paper performs a thorough statistical examination of the time-series properties of the market volatility index (VIX) from the Chicago Board Options Exchange (CBOE). The motivation lies on the widespread consensus that the VIX is a barometer to the overall market sentiment as to what concerns risk appetite. To assess the statistical behavior of the time series, we run a series of preliminary analyses whose results suggest there is some long-range dependence in the VIX index. This is consistent with the strong empirical evidence in the literature supporting long memory in both options-implied and realized volatilities. We thus resort to linear and nonlinear heterogeneous autoregressive (HAR) processes, including smooth transition and threshold HAR-type models, as well as to smooth transition autoregressive trees (START) for modeling and forecasting purposes. The in-sample results for the HAR-type indicate that they cope with the long-range dependence in the VIX time series as well as the more popular ARFIMA model. In addition, the highly nonlinear START specification also does a god job in controlling for the long memory. The out-of-sample analysis evince that the linear ARMA and ARFIMA models perform very well in the short run and very poorly in the long-run, whereas the START model entails by far the best results for the longer horizon despite of failing at shorter horizons. In contrast, the HAR-type models entail reasonable relative performances in most horizons. Finally, we also show how a simple forecast combination brings about great improvements in terms of predictive ability for most horizons.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil) in its series Textos para discussão with number 548.

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Length: 35p
Date of creation: Aug 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:rio:texdis:548

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Keywords: heterogeneous autoregression; implied volatility; smooth transition; VIX.;

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Cited by:
  1. Stefano Grassi & Nima Nonejad & Paolo Santucci de Magistris, 2014. "Forecasting with the Standardized Self-Perturbed Kalman Filter," CREATES Research Papers 2014-12, School of Economics and Management, University of Aarhus.
  2. Filip Zikes & Jozef Barunik, 2013. "Semiparametric Conditional Quantile Models for Financial Returns and Realized Volatility," Papers 1308.4276, arXiv.org.
  3. Massimiliano Caporin & Eduardo Rossi & Paolo Santucci de Magistris, 2011. "Conditional jumps in volatility and their economic determinants," "Marco Fanno" Working Papers 0138, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche "Marco Fanno".
  4. Stefano Grassi & Nima Nonejad & Paolo Santucci de Magistris, 2014. "Forecasting with the Standardized Self-Perturbed Kalman Filter," Studies in Economics 1405, Department of Economics, University of Kent.
  5. Hammoudeh, Shawkat & Liu, Tengdong & Chang, Chia-Lin & McAleer, Michael, 2013. "Risk spillovers in oil-related CDS, stock and credit markets," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 526-535.
  6. Geert Bekaert & Marie Hoerova, 2013. "The VIX, the Variance Premium and Stock Market Volatility," NBER Working Papers 18995, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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