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Quantitative analysis of health insurance reform: separating regulation from redistribution

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  • Pashchenko, Svetlana
  • Porapakkarm, Ponpoje

Abstract

Two key components of the upcoming health reform in the U.S. are a new regulation of the individual health insurance market and an increase in income redistribution in the economy. Which component contributes more to the welfare outcome of the reform? We address this question by constructing a general equilibrium life cycle model that incorporates both medical expenses and labor income risks. We replicate the key features of the current health insurance system in the U.S. and calibrate the model using the Medical Expenditures Panel Survey dataset. We find that the reform decreases the number of uninsured more than twice and generates substantial welfare gains. However, these welfare gains mostly come from the redistributive measures embedded in the reform. If the reform only reorganizes the individual market, introduces individual mandates but does not include any income-based transfers, the welfare gains are much smaller. This result is mostly driven by the fact that most uninsured people have low income.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 41193.

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Date of creation: 17 Aug 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:41193

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Keywords: health insurance; health reform; risk sharing; general equilibrium;

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  1. Juergen Jung & Chung Tran, 2014. "Market Inefficiency, Insurance Mandate and Welfare: U.S. Health Care Reform 2010," Working Papers 2014-01, Towson University, Department of Economics, revised Feb 2014.
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  15. Pashchenko, Svetlana & Porapakkarm, Ponpoje, 2010. "Quantitative Analysis of Health Insurance Reform: Separating Community Rating from Income Redistribution," MPRA Paper 26158, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Mariacristina De Nardi & Eric French & John Bailey Jones, 2013. "Medicaid Insurance in Old Age," NBER Working Papers 19151, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Rong Hai, 2013. "The Determinants of Rising Inequality in Health Insurance and Wages, Second Version," PIER Working Paper Archive 13-071, Penn Institute for Economic Research, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania, revised 21 Dec 2013.
  3. Cole, Harold L. & Kim, Soojin & Krueger, Dirk, 2012. "Analyzing the effects of insuring health risks: On the trade-off between short run insurance benefits vs. long run incentive costs," CFS Working Paper Series 2012/18, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
  4. Naoki Aizawa & Hanming Fang, 2013. "Equilibrium Labor Market Search and Health Insurance Reform," PIER Working Paper Archive 13-002, Penn Institute for Economic Research, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania.
  5. Juergen Jung & Chung Tran, 2011. "Market Inefficiency, Insurance Mandate and Welfare: U.S. Health Care Reform 2010," Working Papers 201102, ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR), Australian School of Business, University of New South Wales.
  6. Ponpoje (Poe) Porapakkarm & Svetlana Pashchenko, 2013. "Cross-subsidization in employer-based health insurance and the effects of tax subsidy reform," 2013 Meeting Papers 1086, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  7. Naoki Aizawa & Hanming Fang, 2013. "Equilibrium Labor Market Search and Health Insurance Reform," NBER Working Papers 18698, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Rong Hai, 2013. "The Determinants of Rising Inequality in Health Insurance and Wages: An Equilibrium Model of Workers' Compensation and Health Care Policies," PIER Working Paper Archive 13-019, Penn Institute for Economic Research, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania.
  9. Minchung Hsu & Junsang Lee & Gary D. Hansen, 2011. "Health Insurance Reform: The impact of a Medicare Buy-In," 2011 Meeting Papers 699, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  10. Jorge Barro & Stephen Barnes, . "Federal Subsidization and Optimal State Medicaid Provision," Departmental Working Papers 2014-05, Department of Economics, Louisiana State University.

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