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DETERMINANTS de la pauvreté et genre des bénéficiaires de microfinance au Mali
[DETERMINANTS of poverty by gender of beneficiaries of microfinance in Mali]

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  • Koloma, Yaya

Abstract

This study is based on the results of the non-monetary poverty estimation of the beneficiaries of microfinance in Mali (Koloma, 2011). Its aim is to examine the determinants of the "gap" of poverty by gender. The regression model according to the approach of decomposition of Blinder-Oaxaca (1973) was used. First, the results show that the poverty gap is largely explained by differences in the characteristics up to 74.7%. Second, the coefficients – result of characteristics – account for 25.3% of the poverty gap. Thus, this would mean that if the differences in the characteristics of men and women beneficiaries were to disappear, the poverty gap would be reduced by 4.9%. Regarding coefficients, the gap would be further reduced by 1.7% if both groups of members presented the same achievements (coefficients). While this not systematic, access to microfinance program could involve a reduction in the poverty gap between men and women beneficiaries.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 40644.

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Date of creation: 30 Apr 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:40644

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Keywords: Microfinance; Pauvreté non monétaire; Modèle de décomposition Blinder Oaxaca; Mali;

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References

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  1. Alex Siméon & Dorothée Boccanfuso, 2006. "Dynamique de la pauvreté en Haïti et ses déterminants," Cahiers de recherche 06-15, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
  2. Reimers, Cordelia W, 1983. "Labor Market Discrimination against Hispanic and Black Men," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 65(4), pages 570-79, November.
  3. Sylviane GUILLAUMONT JEANNENEY & Kangni KPODAR, 2004. "Développement financier, instabilité financière et croissance économique," Macroeconomics 0407004, EconWPA.
  4. David Neumark, 1988. "Employers' Discriminatory Behavior and the Estimation of Wage Discrimination," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 23(3), pages 279-295.
  5. Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 2002. "Pauvreté monétaire et privations des capacités en Afrique," Série de recherche 06, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  6. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
  7. Alan S. Blinder, 1973. "Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 8(4), pages 436-455.
  8. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
  9. Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 1998. "Modélisation des déterminants de la pauvreté et marché du travail en Afrique : le cas du Burkina Faso," Documents de travail 32, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  10. Oaxaca, Ronald L. & Ransom, Michael R., 1994. "On discrimination and the decomposition of wage differentials," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 5-21, March.
  11. Cotton, Jeremiah, 1988. "On the Decomposition of Wage Differentials," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(2), pages 236-43, May.
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