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¿Barreras Lingüísticas en la Educación?: La Influencia de la Lengua Materna en la Deserción Escolar

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  • Efraín Rodríguez Lozano

    ()
    (Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú)

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    Abstract

    El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo evaluar el efecto de contar con una lengua materna distinta del castellano sobre la probabilidad de abandonar los estudios básicos en el Perú (en el nivel de primaria o secundaria). Para ello se emplea un modelo de duración de riesgo proporcional (Cox) y un modelo de tiempo de falla acelerado,utilizando información de la ENAHO 2008 y 2009, así como del Censo Escolar 2008. En ambos modelos se comprueba la existencia de un efecto significativo y positivo sobre la probabilidad de abandonar los estudios durante la primaria cuando se tiene al quechua como lengua materna. Sin embargo, este efecto no se presentaría en el caso de la secundaria. Por otro lado, para el conjunto de personas que tienen lenguas vernáculas distintas del quechua (entre ellas el aymara), el efecto no sería significativo en ninguno de los dos niveles mencionados. Los resultados encontrados, para el caso de la población quechua, echan luces sobre la efectividad del programa de educación intercultural bilingüe (EIB) para la reducción de las brechas en la acumulación de capital humano de la población vernáculo hablante respecto del resto de la población.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number 2011-324.

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    Length: pages
    Date of creation: 2011
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    Publication status: published
    Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucwps:wp00324

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    Postal: Av. Universitaria 1801, San Miguel, Lima, Perú
    Phone: (511) 626-2000 ext. 4950, 4951
    Fax: (511) 626-2874
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    Web page: http://departamento.pucp.edu.pe/economia/
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    Related research

    Keywords: Deserción escolar; Lengua materna; Modelos de duración; Educación intercultural bilingüe;

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    1. Ortega, Javier & Tangeraas, Thomas, 2003. "Unilingual versus Bilingual Education System: A Political Economy Analysis," CEPR Discussion Papers 4003, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    2. Orazem, Peter & Tesfatsion, Leigh, 1997. " Macrodynamic Implications of Income-Transfer Policies for Human Capital Investment and School Effort," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 2(3), pages 305-29, September.
    3. Parker, Susan W & Rubalcava, Luis & Teruel, Graciela, 2005. "Schooling Inequality and Language Barriers," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 54(1), pages 71-94, October.
    4. Pablo Lavado & José Gallegos, 2005. "La dinámica de la deserción escolar en el Perú: un enfoque usando modelos de duración," Working Papers 05-08, Departamento de Economía, Universidad del Pacífico, revised Sep 2005.
    5. Kiefer, Nicholas M, 1988. "Economic Duration Data and Hazard Functions," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(2), pages 646-79, June.
    6. Ravallion, Martin & Wodon, Quentin, 1999. "Does child labor displace schooling? - evidence on behavioral responses to an enrollment subsidy," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2116, The World Bank.
    7. Aysit Tansel, 1998. "Determinants of School Attainment of Boys and Girls in Turkey," Working Papers 9810, Economic Research Forum, revised Jul 1998.
    8. Gabriela Inchauste, 2000. "Educational Choices and Educational Constraints," IMF Working Papers 00/42, International Monetary Fund.
    9. George Psacharopoulos & Harry Anthony Patrinos, 1997. "Family size, schooling and child labor in Peru - An empirical analysis," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 10(4), pages 387-405.
    10. Orazem, Peter & Gunnarsson, Victoria, 2004. "Child Labour, School Attendance and Performance: A Review," Staff General Research Papers 11177, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
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