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Impact of Child Labour on School Attendance and School Attainment: Evidence from Bangladesh

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  • Khanam, Rasheda
  • Ross, Russell

Abstract

The paper examines the linkages between child work and both school attendance and school attainment of children aged 5–17 years using data from a survey based in rural Bangladesh. This paper first looks at school attendance as an indicator of a child’s time input in schooling; then it measures the “schooling-for-age” as a learning achievement or schooling outcome. The results from the logistic regressions show that school attendance and grade attainment are lower for children who are working. The gender-disaggregated estimates show that probability of grade attainment is lower for girls than that of boys. Household permanent income, parental education and supply side correlates of schooling (presence of a primary (grade 1-6) school and secondary (grade 6-10) school in the village) are appeared to be significant determinants of schooling in rural Bangladesh. The results of this study further show that the effect of household permanent income, parental education and presence of secondary school is higher for grade attainment than school attendance.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 9397.

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Date of creation: Mar 2005
Date of revision: Apr 2008
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:9397

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Keywords: Schooling; Child Labour; Logit; Bangladesh;

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References

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  1. Khanam, Rasheda, 2006. "Child labour and school attendance: evidence from Bangladesh," MPRA Paper 6990, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2007.
  2. Victoria Gunnarsson & Peter F. Orazem & Mario A. Sánchez, 2006. "Child Labor and School Achievement in Latin America," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, World Bank Group, vol. 20(1), pages 31-54.
  3. George Psacharopoulos & Harry Anthony Patrinos, 1997. "Family size, schooling and child labor in Peru - An empirical analysis," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 10(4), pages 387-405.
  4. Bhalotra, Sonia, 2001. "Is child work necessary?," Social Protection Discussion Papers 24660, The World Bank.
  5. Ravallion, Martin & Wodon, Quentin, 2000. "Does Child Labour Displace Schooling? Evidence on Behavioural Responses to an Enrollment Subsidy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(462), pages C158-75, March.
  6. Pushkar Maitra, 2003. "Schooling and Educational Attainment: Evidence from Bangladesh," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(2), pages 129-153.
  7. Furio Camillo Rosati & Mariacristina Rossi, 2003. "Children's Working Hours and School Enrollment: Evidence from Pakistan and Nicaragua," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, World Bank Group, vol. 17(2), pages 283-295, December.
  8. George Psacharopoulos, 1997. "Child labor versus educational attainment Some evidence from Latin America," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 10(4), pages 377-386.
  9. Heady, Christopher, 2003. "The Effect of Child Labor on Learning Achievement," World Development, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 385-398, February.
  10. Sanchez, Mario A. & Orazem, Peter F. & Gunnarsson, Victoria, 2005. "The effect of child labor on mathematics and language achievement in Latin America," Social Protection Discussion Papers 32747, The World Bank.
  11. Levy, Victor, 1985. "Cropping Pattern, Mechanization, Child Labor, and Fertility Behavior in a Farming Economy: Rural Egypt," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, University of Chicago Press, vol. 33(4), pages 777-91, July.
  12. Orazem, Peter & Gunnarsson, Victoria, 2004. "Child Labour, School Attendance and Performance: A Review," Staff General Research Papers, Iowa State University, Department of Economics 11177, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  13. Geoffrey Lancaster & Ranjan Ray, 2004. "Does Child Labour Affect School Attendance and School Performance?Multi Country Evidence on SIMPOC data," Econometric Society 2004 Australasian Meetings, Econometric Society 68, Econometric Society.
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Cited by:
  1. Khanam, Rasheda, 2006. "Child labour and school attendance: evidence from Bangladesh," MPRA Paper 6990, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2007.
  2. Karina Acevedo González & Raúl Quejada Pérez & Martha Yánez Contreras, 2011. "Determinantes y consecuencias del trabajo infantil: un análisis de la literatura," REVISTA FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS ECONÓMICAS, UNIVERSIDAD MILITAR NUEVA GRANADA, UNIVERSIDAD MILITAR NUEVA GRANADA.

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