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Trade Liberalization And Institutional Development

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  • Sambit Bhattacharyya

Abstract

Recent research shows that the majority of cross-national variation in institutions is related to history. The within variation however is somewhat less explored. We find that the within variation in economic institutions can be explained by trade liberalization. This relationship is robust with various indicators of liberalization, in different sub-samples, and to the inclusion of additional covariates. Short-run trade liberalization appears to be more important than long-run trade liberalization. This may be indicative of a short-term trade liberalization induced shift in the long-run institutional equilibrium. We also find that the country fixed effects are highly correlated with settler mortality and other historical variables. This is consistent with recent theoretical developments in the political economy literature and with the ‘critical juncture’ view of history.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The Australian National University, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics in its series Departmental Working Papers with number 2008-13.

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Length: 51 pages
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pas:papers:2008-13

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Keywords: Trade Liberalization; Institutions; Economic Development;

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Cited by:
  1. Kalyvitis, Sarantis & Vlachaki, Irene, 2012. "When does more aid imply less democracy? An empirical examination," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 28(1), pages 132-146.
  2. Reddy, Kotapati Srinivasa & Nangia, Vinay Kumar & Agrawal, Rajat, 2013. "Indian economic-policy reforms, bank mergers, and lawful proposals: The ex-ante and ex-post ‘lookup’," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 601-622.
  3. Audrey Menard, 2012. "Why foreign aid does (not) improve democracy?," Working Papers of BETA 2012-19, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.
  4. Bergh, Andreas & Mirkina, Irina & Nilsson, Therese, 2013. "More Open – Better Governed? Evidence from High- and Low-income Countries," Working Paper Series 997, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.

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