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Do Men and Women Respond Differently to Competition? Evidence from a Major Education Reform

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  • Louis-Philippe Morin

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON)

Abstract

This paper provides new evidence of gender differences in response to increased competition, focusing on important life tasks performed in a regular social environment. The analysis takes advantage of a major education reform in Ontario that exogenously increased competition for university grades. Comparing students pre- and post-reform using rich administrative data, I find that male average grades and the proportion of male students graduating `on time' increased relative to females. Further, the evidence indicates that these changes were due to increased relative effort rather than self-selection. The findings have implications for the delivery of education and incentive provision more generally

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File URL: http://www.socialsciences.uottawa.ca/sites/default/files/public/eco/1305e.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Ottawa, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number E1305E.

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Length: 44 pages
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ott:wpaper:e1305e

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Web page: http://www.socialsciences.uottawa.ca/eco/eng/index.asp
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Related research

Keywords: competition; gender differences; higher education; performance; selection;

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References

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  17. Muriel Niederle & Lise Vesterlund, 2005. "Do Women Shy Away From Competition? Do Men Compete Too Much?," NBER Working Papers 11474, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  18. Evren Ors & Fr�d�ric Palomino & Elo�c Peyrache, 2013. "Performance Gender Gap: Does Competition Matter?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 31(3), pages 443 - 499.
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