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Trends in Metropolitan Network Circuity

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  • David Giacomin
  • Luke James
  • David Levinson

    ()
    (Nexus (Networks, Economics, and Urban Systems) Research Group, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Minnesota)

Abstract

Because people seek to minimize their time and travel distance (or cost) when commuting, the circuity–the ratio of network distance traveled to the Euclidean distance between two points–plays an intricate role in the metropolitan economy. This paper seeks to measure the circuity of the United States’ 51 most populated Metropolitan Statistical Areas and identify trends in those circuities over the time period from 1990- 2010. With many factors playing a role such as suburban development and varying economic trends in metropolitan areas over this timeframe, much is to consider when calculating results. In general, circuity is increasing over time.

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File URL: http://nexus.umn.edu/Papers/CircuityTrends.pdf
File Function: First version, 2012
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group in its series Working Papers with number 000106.

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Date of creation: 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in working paper
Handle: RePEc:nex:wpaper:circuitytrends

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Postal: Dept. of Civil Engineering, 500 Pillsbury Drive SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455
Phone: +01 (612) 625-6354
Fax: +01 (612) 626-7750
Web page: http://nexus.umn.edu
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Keywords: network circuity; directness; travel behavior; metropolitan comparisons;

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  1. Pavithra Parthasarathi & Hartwig Hochmair & David Levinson, 2010. "Network Structure and Activity Spaces," Working Papers 000080, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
  2. Nathaniel Baum-Snow, 2007. "Did Highways Cause Suburbanization?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 122(2), pages 775-805, 05.
  3. Popken, Douglas A., 2006. "Controlling order circuity in pickup and delivery problems," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 42(5), pages 431-443, September.
  4. Peter Mieszkowski & Edwin S. Mills, 1993. "The Causes of Metropolitan Suburbanization," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 7(3), pages 135-147, Summer.
  5. Thurston Lawrence & Yezer Anthony M. J., 1994. "Causality in the Suburbanization of Population and Employment," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 105-118, January.
  6. Ballou, Ronald H. & Rahardja, Handoko & Sakai, Noriaki, 2002. "Selected country circuity factors for road travel distance estimation," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 36(9), pages 843-848, November.
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