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Sprawl and Blight

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  • Jan K. Brueckner

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of California-Irvine)

  • Robert W. Helsley

    ()
    (Haas School of Business, University of California, Berkeley)

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to show how the same market failures that contribute to urban sprawl also contribute to urban blight. The paper develops a simple dynamic model in which new suburban and older central-city properties compete for mobile residents. The level of housing services generated by older properties depends on current maintenance or reinvestment expenditures. In this setting, market failures that reduce the cost of occupying suburban locations, thus leading to excessive suburban development, also depress central-city housing prices and undermine maintenance incentives, leading to deficient levels of central-city reinvestment. Corrective policies that shift population from the suburbs to the center result in higher levels of reinvestment in central-city housing, therefore reducing blight.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by University of California-Irvine, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 091003.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:irv:wpaper:091003

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Web page: http://www.economics.uci.edu/
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Keywords: Urban sprawl; Urban blight; Market failures;

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References

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  1. Rappaport, Jordan, 2007. "Moving to nice weather," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 375-398, May.
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  15. Bradford, David F & Kelejian, Harry H, 1973. "An Econometric Model of the Flight to the Suburbs," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(3), pages 566-89, May-June.
  16. Anas, Alex & Pines, David, 2008. "Anti-sprawl policies in a system of congested cities," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(5), pages 408-423, September.
  17. Bond, Eric W. & Coulson, N. Edward, 1989. "Externalities, filtering, and neighborhood change," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 231-249, September.
  18. Bruegmann, Robert, 2005. "Sprawl," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, number 9780226076904.
  19. Bradbury, Katharine L & Downs, Anthony & Small, Kenneth A, 1980. "Some Dynamics of Central City-Suburban Interactions," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(2), pages 410-14, May.
  20. Jan K. Brueckner, 2005. "Urban Growth Boundaries: An Effective Second-Best Remedy for Unpriced Traffic Congestion?," Working Papers 050610, University of California-Irvine, Department of Economics.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Albert Solé-Ollé & Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal, 2012. "Do political parties matter for local land use policies?," Working Papers 2012/28, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  2. William J. Collins & Katharine Shester, 2010. "The Economic Effects of Slum Clearance and Urban Renewal in the United States," Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers 1013, Vanderbilt University Department of Economics.
  3. Jan K. Brueckner, 2013. "Decentralized Road Investment and Pricing in a Monocentric, Multi-Jurisdictional City: Efficiency with Spillovers," CESifo Working Paper Series 4473, CESifo Group Munich.
  4. Larson, William & Liu, Feng & Yezer, Anthony, 2012. "Energy footprint of the city: Effects of urban land use and transportation policies," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 147-159.
  5. Weaver, R.C., 2013. "Re-framing the urban blight problem with trans-disciplinary insights from ecological economics," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 168-176.
  6. Bento, Antonio M. & Franco, Sofia F. & Kaffine, Daniel, 2011. "Welfare Effects of Anti-Sprawl Policies in the Presence of Urban Decline," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 40(3), December.
  7. Jan K. Brueckner, 2013. "Efficiency of Decentralized Road Investment and Pricing in a Multi-Jurisdictional City with Spillovers," CESifo Working Paper Series 4384, CESifo Group Munich.

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