The Effect of Providing Breakfast on Student Performance: Evidence from an In-Class Breakfast Program
AbstractIn response to low take-up, many public schools have experimented with moving breakfast from the cafeteria to the classroom. We examine whether such a program increases performance as measured by standardized test scores, grades and attendance rates. We exploit quasi-random timing of program implementation that allows for a difference-in-differences identification strategy. Our main identification assumption is that schools where the program was introduced earlier would have evolved similarly to those where the program was introduced later. We find that in-class breakfast increases both math and reading achievement by about one-tenth of a standard deviation relative to providing breakfast in the cafeteria. Moreover, we find that these effects are most pronounced for low performing, free-lunch eligible, Hispanic, and low BMI students. We also find some improvements in attendance for high achieving students but no impact on grades.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 17720.
Date of creation: Jan 2012
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Find related papers by JEL classification:
- I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
- I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2012-01-18 (All new papers)
- NEP-EDU-2012-01-18 (Education)
- NEP-LAB-2012-01-18 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-URE-2012-01-18 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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