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Hedge Fund Leverage

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  • Andrew Ang
  • Sergiy Gorovyy
  • Gregory B. van Inwegen

Abstract

We investigate the leverage of hedge funds in the time series and cross section. Hedge fund leverage is counter-cyclical to the leverage of listed financial intermediaries and decreases prior to the start of the financial crisis in mid-2007. Hedge fund leverage is lowest in early 2009 when the market leverage of investment banks is highest. Changes in hedge fund leverage tend to be more predictable by economy-wide factors than by fund-specific characteristics. In particular, decreases in funding costs and increases in market values both forecast increases in hedge fund leverage. Decreases in fund return volatilities predict future increases in leverage.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 16801.

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Date of creation: Feb 2011
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Publication status: published as Ang, Andrew & Gorovyy, Sergiy & van Inwegen, Gregory B., 2011. "Hedge fund leverage," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 102(1), pages 102-126, October.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:16801

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Nagel, Stefan, 2012. "Evaporating Liquidity," CEPR Discussion Papers 8775, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Lan, Yingcong & Wang, Neng & Yang, Jinqiang, 2013. "The economics of hedge funds," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 110(2), pages 300-323.
  3. ap Gwilym, Rhys & Ebrahim, M. Shahid, 2013. "Can position limits restrain ‘rogue’ trading?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 824-836.
  4. Jeremy Bulow & Paul Klemperer, 2013. "Market-Based Bank Capital Regulation," Economics Papers 2013-W12, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
  5. Nyborg, Kjell G & Östberg, Per, 2010. "Money and Liquidity in Financial Markets," CEPR Discussion Papers 7905, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Cao, Charles & Liang, Bing & Lo, Andrew W. & Petrasek, Lubomir, 2014. "Hedge fund holdings and stock market efficiency," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2014-36, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  7. Charles Cao & Lubomir Petrasek, 2011. "Liquidity risk and hedge fund ownership," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2011-49, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  8. Anat R. Admati & Peter M. DeMarzo & Martin F. Hellwig & Paul Pfleiderer, 2013. "Fallacies, Irrelevant Facts, and Myths in the Discussion of Capital Regulation: Why Bank Equity is Not Socially Expensive," Working Paper Series of the Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods 2013_23, Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods.
  9. Cao, Charles & Chen, Yong & Liang, Bing & Lo, Andrew W., 2013. "Can hedge funds time market liquidity?," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 109(2), pages 493-516.
  10. Bruno Cara Giovannetti & Guilherme B. Martins, 2012. "Do Margin Requirements Affect Asset Prices?," Working Papers, Department of Economics 2012_17, University of São Paulo (FEA-USP).

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