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Electoral Accountability and Corruption: Evidence from the Audits of Local Governments

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  • Claudio Ferraz
  • Frederico Finan

Abstract

Political institutions can affect corruption. We use audit reports from an anti-corruption program in Brazil to construct new measures of political corruption in local governments and test whether electoral accountability affects the corruption practices of incumbent politicians. We find significantly less corruption in municipalities where mayors can get reelected. Mayors with re-election incentives misappropriate 27 percent fewer resources than mayors without re-election incentives. These effects are more pronounced among municipalities with less access to information and where the likelihood of judicial punishment is lower. Overall our findings suggest that electoral rules that enhance political accountability play a crucial role in constraining politician's corrupt behavior.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 14937.

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Date of creation: Apr 2009
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Publication status: published as Claudio Ferraz & Frederico Finan, 2011. "Electoral Accountability and Corruption: Evidence from the Audits of Local Governments," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(4), pages 1274-1311, June.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:14937

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