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Financial Integration, Financial Deepness and Global Imbalances

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  • Enrique G. Mendoza
  • Vincenzo Quadrini
  • Jose-Victor Rios-Rull

Abstract

Large and persistent global financial imbalances need not be the harbinger of a world financial crash. Instead, we show that these imbalances can be the outcome of financial integration when countries differ in financial markets deepness. In particular, countries with more advanced financial markets accumulate foreign liabilities in a gradual, long-lasting process. Differences in financial deepness also affect the composition of foreign portfolios: countries with negative net foreign asset positions maintain positive net holdings of non-diversifiable equity and FDI. Abstracting from the potential impact of globalization on financial development, liberalization leads to sizable welfare gains for the more financially-developed countries and losses for the others. Three empirical observations motivate our analysis: (1)financial deepness varies widely even amongst industrial countries, with the United States ranking at the top; (2) the secular decline in the U.S. net foreign asset position started in the early 1980s, together with a gradual process of international capital markets liberalization; (3) net exports and current account balances are negatively correlated with indicators of financial development.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 12909.

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Date of creation: Feb 2007
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Publication status: published as Mendoza, Enrique G., Jose-Victor Rios-Rull and Vincenzo Quadrini. "Financial Integration, Financial Deepness and Global Imbalances." Journal of Political Economy 117, 3 (2009): 371-410.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:12909

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