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Flexible Exchange Rates and Interdependence

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  • Rudiger Dornbusch

Abstract

The paper was prepared for the NBER-IMF conference on Exchange Rate Policy and Interdependence. It reviews the experience with flexible exchange rates and the main policy alternatives that have been suggested. The theoretical part develops a modern open economy macro model with an emphasis on capital mobility, real and nominal wage stickiness and expectations. The impact of disturbances is discussed in terms of the underlying structure, in particular, the relative role of real and nominal inflexibility. Among the main policy alternatives the paper reviews the McKinnon proposal for world monetarism, and the band proposal. Both of these schemes are found unsatisfactory in coping with the chief problem of the current systems namely how to cope with the transition to low inflation. The alternative of capital controls, likewise, would not avoid the adverse consequences of monetary stabilization it would only influence the particular details of the international transmission.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 1035.

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Date of creation: Nov 1982
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Publication status: published as Dornbusch, Rudiger. "Flexible Exchange Rates and Interdependence." International Monetary Fund Staff Papers, Vol. 30, No. 1, (March 1983), pp.3-38. .
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:1035

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References

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  1. Maurice Obstfeld, 1981. "Relative Prices, Employment, and the Exchange Rate in an Economy with Foresight," NBER Working Papers 0685, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Paul R. Krugman, 1981. "Consumption Preferences, Asset Demands, and Distribution Effects in International Financial Markets," NBER Working Papers 0651, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Frenkel, Jacob A & Mussa, Michael L, 1980. "The Efficiency of Foreign Exchange Markets and Measures of Turbulence," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(2), pages 374-81, May.
  4. Branson, William H. & Rotemberg, Julio J., 1980. "International adjustment with wage rigidity," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(3), pages 309-332, May.
  5. Buiter, Willem H & Miller, Marcus, 1981. "Monetary Policy and International Competitiveness: The Problems of Adjustment," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 33(0), pages 143-75, Supplemen.
  6. Richard C. Marston, 1982. "Wages, Relative Prices and the Choice between Fixed and Flexible Exchange Rates," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 15(1), pages 87-103, February.
  7. James Tobin, 1978. "A Proposal for International Monetary Reform," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 506, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  8. Blanchard, Olivier Jean, 1979. "Speculative bubbles, crashes and rational expectations," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 387-389.
  9. Richard C. Marston, 1981. "Wages, Relative Prices, and the Choice between Fixed and Flexible Exchange Rates," NBER Working Papers 0793, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  10. Stephen W. Salant & Dale W. Henderson, 1976. "Market anticipations, government policy, and the price of gold," International Finance Discussion Papers 81, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  11. Jacob A. Frenkel & Michael L. Mussa, 1980. "Efficiency of Foreign Exchange Markets and Measures of Turbulence," NBER Working Papers 0476, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Tirole, Jean, 1982. "On the Possibility of Speculation under Rational Expectations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(5), pages 1163-81, September.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Christopher J. Erceg & Christopher Gust & David López-Salido, 2007. "The transmission of domestic shocks in the open economy," International Finance Discussion Papers 906, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  2. Yin-Wong Cheung, 2001. "Hong Kong Output Dynamics: An Empirical Analysis," CESifo Working Paper Series 482, CESifo Group Munich.
  3. Erceg, Christopher & Gust, Christopher & López-Salido, J David, 2007. "The Transmission of Domestic Shocks in Open Economies," CEPR Discussion Papers 6574, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Rudiger Dornbusch, 1985. "Exchange Rates and Prices," NBER Working Papers 1769, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Schweickert, Rainer, 1994. "Macroeconomic reforms in the Southern cone: lessons for developing and newly emerging market economies," Kiel Working Papers 614, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  6. Kim, Jongwoo, 2000. "The relationship between the monetary regime and output volatility: a multivariate GARCH-M model of the Japanese experience, 1919-1996," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 49-69, January.
  7. Schweickert, Rainer, 1994. "Regional integration: A worthwhile strategy for catching up?," Kiel Working Papers 623, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  8. Cheung, Yin-Wong & Yuen, Jude, 2002. "Effects of U.S. Inflation on Hong Kong and Singapore," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 603-619, September.
  9. Kathryn M. Dominguez, 1986. "Are foreign exchange forecasts rational? New evidence from survey data," International Finance Discussion Papers 281, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  10. Grande, G., 1997. "Properties of the Monetary Conditions Index," Papers 324, Banca Italia - Servizio di Studi.
  11. Chiou-Wei, Song-Zan & Zhu, Zhen, 2002. "Sources of export fluctuations: empirical evidence from Taiwan and South Korea, 1981-2000," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 105-118.
  12. Michael D. Bordo & Ehsan U. Choudhri & Anna J. Schwartz, 1987. "Money Growth Variability and Money Supply Interdependence Under InterestRate Control: Some Evidence For Canada," NBER Working Papers 1480, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  13. Fels, Joachim, 1990. "Flexible exchange rates and insulation: A reexamination," Kiel Working Papers 444, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  14. Dibooglu, Selahattin, 1998. "The incidence and effects of macroeconomic disturbances under alternative exchange rate systems: evidence since the classical gold standard," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 7(2), pages 225-241.
  15. Lee, Hyun-Hoon & Huh, Hyeon-Seung & Harris, David, 2003. "The relative impact of the US and Japanese business cycles on the Australian economy," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 111-129, January.
  16. Schweickert, Rainer, 1991. "Efficient real exchange rate adjustment in developing countries: alternative devaluation strategies, economic structure, and sequencing of reforms," Kiel Working Papers 473, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  17. Sissoko, Yaya & Dibooglu, Sel, 2006. "The exchange rate system and macroeconomic fluctuations in Sub-Saharan Africa," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 141-156, June.

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