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Urbanisation, pauvreté et capacités : nouveaux défis des stratégies de développement ? Une approche spatio-temporelle au Burkina Faso

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In Burkina Faso, the analysis of the consequences of the urbanization in terms of poverty, based on a spatio-time-series approach, organized in function, on the one hand, information of the household surveys – 1994-95 and 1998 –, and the demographic and health surveys – 1992-93 and 1998-99 – and, on the other hand, the administrative division according to 30 provinces, allows to formulate three conclusions. Firstly, the study shows that the growth rate of the incidence of relative regional urban poverty is higher 14 percent than that of the rate of urbanization. Although the values of elasticities decrease with the rise in the coefficient of aversion for poverty, they remain higher than the unit. In this respect, the increasing difficulty of the labour market access, the increased precariousness of urban employment and the progressive weakening of the mobilization of the social capital, could explain the absolute and relative increase of monetary deprivations in the cities. Secondly, by using the child mortality as example of households capabilities indicator, research highlights, correlatively with the urbanization, at the same time a progression of the level of the child survival, and a rise in the inequality of the infant and child mortality. This evolution, coherent with the increase in the inegality of the monetary expenditure in urban environment, illustrates, indirectly, the incapacity of the authorities to counterbalance the insufficient mobilization of the assets by the market or the social institutions, by the development of the access to the social infrastructures and the introduction of safety social nets. Thirdly, although Burkina Faso remains a largely rural country – in 2030, a third of the population is likely to be urbanized –, the preceding tendencies, if they were confirmed –. including in other developing countries –, could mean that, in the long run, sectoral reallocation of poverty, inherent in the structural changes and with the shifts in population which accompany it, constitutes new challenges of the strategies of development.(Full text in French)

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Paper provided by Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV in its series Documents de travail with number 71.

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Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: May 2002
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Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:71

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  1. Lipton, Michael & Ravallion, Martin, 1995. "Poverty and policy," Handbook of Development Economics, in: Hollis Chenery & T.N. Srinivasan (ed.), Handbook of Development Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 41, pages 2551-2657 Elsevier.
  2. Ravallion, Martin, 2002. "On the urbanization of poverty," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(2), pages 435-442, August.
  3. Kakwani, N., 1990. "Testing For Significance Of Poverty Differences ; With Application To Cote D'Ivoire," Papers 90-3, New South Wales - School of Economics.
  4. Anand, Sudhir & Kanbur, S M R, 1985. "Poverty under the Kuznets Process," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 95(380a), pages 42-50, Supplemen.
  5. Hongyi Li & Lyn Squire & Heng-fu Zou, 1998. "Explaining International and Intertemporal Variations in Income Inequality," CEMA Working Papers 73, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
  6. Kakwani, Nanak & Wagstaff, Adam & van Doorslaer, Eddy, 1997. "Socioeconomic inequalities in health: Measurement, computation, and statistical inference," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 87-103, March.
  7. Anselin, Luc & Bera, Anil K. & Florax, Raymond & Yoon, Mann J., 1996. "Simple diagnostic tests for spatial dependence," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 77-104, February.
  8. Naylor, Rosamond L. & Falcon, Walter P., 1995. "Is the locus of poverty changing?," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 501-518, December.
  9. Ravallion, Martin & Datt, Gaurav, 1996. "How Important to India's Poor Is the Sectoral Composition of Economic Growth?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 10(1), pages 1-25, January.
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Cited by:
  1. Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 2009. "La féminisation de l'urbanisation de la pauvreté à Madagascar," Documents de travail 147, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
  2. Jean-Pierre Lachaud, 2004. "Urbanisation, malnutrition des enfants et sexe au Burkina Faso : une analyse économétrique spatiale," Revue d’économie du développement, De Boeck Université, vol. 18(1), pages 35-70.

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