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Urbanisation, pauvreté et capacités : nouveaux défis des stratégies de développement ?. Une approche spatio-temporelle au Burkina Faso

  • Jean-Pierre Lachaud

In Burkina Faso, a spatio-time-series approach shows that the growth rate of the incidence of relative regional urban poverty is higher 14 % than that of the rate of urbanization. The increasing difficulty of the labour market access and the weakening of the mobilization of the social capital, could explain the absolute and relative increase of monetary deprivations in the cities. Besides, one observes, correlatively with the urbanization, at the same time a progression of the level of the child survival, and a rise in the inequality of the infant and child mortality. These tendencies could mean that sectoral reallocation of poverty constitutes new challenges of development.

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Article provided by Armand Colin in its journal Revue d’Économie Régionale & Urbaine.

Volume (Year): août (2006)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 455-488

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Handle: RePEc:cai:rerarc:reru_063_0455
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  1. Li, Hongyi & Squire, Lyn & Zou, Heng-fu, 1998. "Explaining International and Intertemporal Variations in Income Inequality," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(446), pages 26-43, January.
  2. Ravallion, Martin, 2002. "On the urbanization of poverty," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(2), pages 435-442, August.
  3. Anselin, Luc & Bera, Anil K. & Florax, Raymond & Yoon, Mann J., 1996. "Simple diagnostic tests for spatial dependence," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 26(1), pages 77-104, February.
  4. Ravallion, Martin & Datt, Gaurav, 1996. "How Important to India's Poor Is the Sectoral Composition of Economic Growth?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 10(1), pages 1-25, January.
  5. Naylor, Rosamond L. & Falcon, Walter P., 1995. "Is the locus of poverty changing?," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(6), pages 501-518, December.
  6. Anand, Sudhir & Kanbur, S M R, 1985. "Poverty under the Kuznets Process," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 95(380a), pages 42-50, Supplemen.
  7. Lipton, Michael & Ravallion, Martin, 1993. "Poverty and policy," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1130, The World Bank.
  8. Kakwani, Nanak & Wagstaff, Adam & van Doorslaer, Eddy, 1997. "Socioeconomic inequalities in health: Measurement, computation, and statistical inference," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 77(1), pages 87-103, March.
  9. Kakwani, N., 1990. "Testing For Significance Of Poverty Differences ; With Application To Cote D'Ivoire," Papers 90-3, New South Wales - School of Economics.
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