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Render unto primary the things which are primary's. Inherited and fresh learning divides in Italian lower secondary education

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  • Gianfranco DE SIMONE

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Abstract

We employ a pseudo-panel approach to link achievements of the same cohort of Italian students over two waves of the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). As we investigate the determinants of scores in math and science at the end of the lower secondary school (8th grade), we are able to circumvent cumulative effects of education by controlling for the estimated achievement at the 4th grade. We find that the gender gap in math observed at the 8th grade should actually be ascribed to primary education, while responsibilities on the gap in science are shared by the two school levels. On the other hand, in both subject, the largest part of the learning divide due to family background originates at the lower secondary school. Although foreign-origin students are more prone than natives to be held back, they show a remarkable recovery at the lower secondary school, once the entry-level of competence is taken into account.

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File URL: http://wp.demm.unimi.it/tl_files/wp/2012/DEMM-2012_014wp.pdf
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at UniversitĂ  degli Studi di Milano in its series Departmental Working Papers with number 2012-14.

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Date of creation: 31 Oct 2012
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Handle: RePEc:mil:wpdepa:2012-14

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Keywords: Pseudo-panel; TIMSS; learning divides; gender gap; socio-cultural gap; immigrant students; primary education; lower secondary education; cognitive achievement dynamics;

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Cited by:
  1. Fali HUANG & Pao-Li CHANG, 2012. "Trade and Divergence in Education Systems," DEGIT Conference Papers c017_016, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  2. Bernardi, Martino & Bratti, Massimiliano & De Simone, Gianfranco, 2014. ""I wish I knew ..." - Misperceived Ability, School Track Counseling Services and Performances in Upper Secondary Education," IZA Discussion Papers 7940, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Contini, Dalit & Grand, Elisa, 2013. "On Estimating Achievement Dynamic Models from Repeated Cross-Sections," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers 201343, University of Turin.

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