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The Cost of Grade Retention

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  • Marco Manacorda

    (QMUL, CEP (LSE), CEPR, and IZA)

Abstract

This paper uses administrative longitudinal microdata on junior high school students in Uruguay to measure the effect of grade failure on students' subsequent school outcomes. Exploiting the discontinuity induced by a rule establishing automatic grade failure for pupils with more than three failed subjects, I show that grade failure leads to substantial dropout and lower educational attainment even four to five years after grade failure occurred. © 2012 The President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by MIT Press in its journal Review of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): 94 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 (May)
Pages: 596-606

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Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:94:y:2012:i:2:p:596-606

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Related research

Keywords: grade retention; school drop-out; regression discontinuity;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Martin Foureaux Koppensteiner, 2011. "Automatic Grade Promotion and Student Performance: Evidence from Brazil," Discussion Papers in Economics 11/52, Department of Economics, University of Leicester, revised Sep 2013.
  2. Goux, Dominique & Gurgand, Marc & Maurin, Eric, 2014. "Adjusting Your Dreams? The Effect of School and Peers on Dropout Behaviour," IZA Discussion Papers 7948, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Guido Schwerdt & Martin R. West, 2013. "The Effects of Test-based Retention on Student Outcomes over Time: Regression Discontinuity Evidence from Florida," CESifo Working Paper Series 4203, CESifo Group Munich.
  4. Elodie ALET & Liliane BONNAL & Pascal FAVARD, 2013. "Repetition : Medicine for a Short-run Remission," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 111-112, pages 9.
  5. Gertler, Paul & Patrinos, Harry & Rubio-Codina, Marta, 2008. "Empowering parents to improve education : evidence from rural Mexico," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3935, The World Bank.
  6. Antonio Ciccone & Walter Garcia-Fontes, 2014. "Gender peer effects in school, a birth cohort approach," Economics Working Papers 1424, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  7. Antonio Chiccone & Walter Garcia-Fontes, 2014. "Gender Peer Effects in School, a Birth Cohort Approach," Working Papers 2014-07, FEDEA.
  8. André, Pierre, 2009. "Is grade repetition one of the causes of early school dropout? :Evidence from Senegalese primary schools," MPRA Paper 25665, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Keslair, Francois & Maurin, Eric & McNally, Sandra, 2011. "Every Child Matters? An Evaluation of "Special Educational Needs" Programmes in England," IZA Discussion Papers 6069, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  10. Gianfranco DE SIMONE, 2012. "Render unto primary the things which are primary's. Inherited and fresh learning divides in Italian lower secondary education," Departmental Working Papers 2012-14, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
  11. Martina ZWEIMULLER, 2013. "The Effects of School Entry Laws on Educational Attainment and Starting Wages in an Early Tracking System," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 111-112, pages 6.

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