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The Cost of Grade Retention

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  • Manacorda, Marco

Abstract

This paper uses administrative longitudinal micro data on Junior High school students in Uruguay to measure the effect of grade failure on students’ subsequent school outcomes. Exploiting the discontinuity induced by a rule establishing automatic grade failure for pupils with more than three failed subjects, I show that grade failure leads to substantial drop-out and lower educational attainment even four to five years after grade failure first occurred.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 7889.

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Date of creation: Jun 2010
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:7889

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Keywords: grade retention; regression discontinuity; school drop-out;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Antonio Ciccone & Walter Garcia-Fontes, 2014. "Gender peer effects in school, a birth cohort approach," Economics Working Papers 1424, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  2. Gertler, Paul & Patrinos, Harry & Rubio-Codina, Marta, 2008. "Empowering parents to improve education : evidence from rural Mexico," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3935, The World Bank.
  3. Elodie ALET & Liliane BONNAL & Pascal FAVARD, 2013. "Repetition : Medicine for a Short-run Remission," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 111-112, pages 9.
  4. Foureaux Koppensteiner, Martin, 2014. "Automatic grade promotion and student performance: Evidence from Brazil," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 277-290.
  5. Guido Schwerdt & Martin R. West, 2013. "The Effects of Test-based Retention on Student Outcomes over Time: Regression Discontinuity Evidence from Florida," CESifo Working Paper Series 4203, CESifo Group Munich.
  6. Martina Zweimüller, 2013. "The effects of school entry laws on educational attainment and starting wages in an early tracking system," NRN working papers 2013-05, The Austrian Center for Labor Economics and the Analysis of the Welfare State, Johannes Kepler University Linz, Austria.
  7. André, Pierre, 2009. "Is grade repetition one of the causes of early school dropout? :Evidence from Senegalese primary schools," MPRA Paper 25665, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Gianfranco DE SIMONE, 2012. "Render unto primary the things which are primary's. Inherited and fresh learning divides in Italian lower secondary education," Departmental Working Papers 2012-14, Department of Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods at Università degli Studi di Milano.
  9. Keslair, Francois & Maurin, Eric & McNally, Sandra, 2011. "Every Child Matters? An Evaluation of "Special Educational Needs" Programmes in England," IZA Discussion Papers 6069, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  10. Goux, Dominique & Gurgand, Marc & Maurin, Eric, 2014. "Adjusting Your Dreams? The Effect of School and Peers on Dropout Behaviour," IZA Discussion Papers 7948, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  11. Antonio Chiccone & Walter Garcia-Fontes, 2014. "Gender Peer Effects in School, a Birth Cohort Approach," Working Papers 2014-07, FEDEA.

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