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Knowledge and Job Opportunities in a Gender Perspective: Insights from Italy

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  • Angela Cipollone

    ()
    (Department of Ecoomics and Business, LUISS University)

  • Marcella Corsi

    ()
    (Sapienza University of Rome)

  • Carlo D'ippoliti

    ()
    (Sapienza University of Rome)

Abstract

This paper proposes a multidimensional concept of knowledge, encompassing several formal and informal skills to complement education and on-the-job training, under a gender perspective. By considering the case of Italy, we estimate the impact of such a concept of knowledge on men’s and women’s employment status and wages. Results point out that despite much rhetoric about the fact that women have gradually overcome men in terms of educational attainments, women still lack of the main skills and competencies that can profitably be used on the labor market. In Italy, women’s accumulation of labor market experience is mostly constrained by unpaid work and care work burdens. These activities may be regarded as a source of potential knowledge in terms of social and interpersonal skills, managerial and organizational capacities; but they do not seem to be positively valued by the market, either in terms of employability nor in terms of wages. Gender segregation in education seems to be still a relevant issue, by compressing both women’s employment chances and wages. Thus educational and cultural policies aimed at overcoming traditional gender roles and images among the younger students seem a very sensible policy option.

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Paper provided by Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, LUISS Guido Carli in its series Working Papers CELEG with number 1103.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:lui:celegw:1103

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Keywords: gender differentials; returns to knowledge; human capital.;

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  1. Paul M. Romer, 1989. "Human Capital And Growth: Theory and Evidence," NBER Working Papers 3173, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Jacob A. Mincer, 1974. "Introduction to "Schooling, Experience, and Earnings"," NBER Chapters, in: Schooling, Experience, and Earnings, pages 1-4 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. David Colander & Joanna Wayland Woos, 1997. "Institutional Demand-Side Discrimination Against Women and the Human Capital Model," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 3(1), pages 53-64.
  4. Annamaria Lusardi & Olivia S. Mitchell, 2008. "Planning and Financial Literacy: How Do Women Fare?," NBER Working Papers 13750, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Marcella Corsi & Fabrizio Botti & Tommaso Rondinella & Giulia Zacchia, 2006. "Women and Microfinance in Mediterranean Countries," Development, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 49(2), pages 67-74, June.
  6. Richard Blundell, 1992. "Labour supply and taxation: a survey," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 13(3), pages 15-40, January.
  7. Angela Cipollone & Carlo D'Ippoliti, 2009. "Women's Employment: Beyond Individual Characteristics vs. Contextual Factors Explanations," Working Papers CELEG, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, LUISS Guido Carli 0901, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, LUISS Guido Carli.
  8. Marcella Corsi & Manuela Samek Lodovici, 2013. "Active Ageing and Gender Equality," Working Papers CEB, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles 13-004, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  9. Angela Cipollone & Carlo D'Ippoliti, 2010. "Discriminating factors of women's employment," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(11), pages 1055-1062.
  10. Claudia Biancotti & Giovanni D'Alessio & Andrea Neri, 2004. "Errori di misura nellÂ’indagine sui bilanci delle famiglie italiane," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers), Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area 520, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  11. M. Anne Hill & Elizabeth King, 1995. "Women's education and economic well-being," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(2), pages 21-46.
  12. D’Ippoliti, Carlo, 2011. "Economics And Diversity," Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge University Press, vol. 33(04), pages 562-564, December.
  13. Luc SOETE, 2001. "ICTs, knowledge work and employment: The challenges to Europe," International Labour Review, International Labour Organization, International Labour Organization, vol. 140(2), pages 143-163, 06.
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Cited by:
  1. Stephan Humpert, 2014. "Occupational Sex Segregation and Working Time: Regional Evidence from Germany," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 61(3), pages 317-329, June.

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