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The Motherhood Wage Penalty in a Mediterranean Country: The Case of Spain

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  • Molina, José Alberto

    ()
    (University of Zaragoza)

  • Montuenga, Víctor M.

    ()
    (University of Zaragoza)

Abstract

We present evidence for the motherhood wage penalty in Spain as a representative Southern European Mediterranean country. We use the European Community Household Panel (ECHP, 1994-2001) to estimate, from both pool and fixed-effects methods, a wage equation in terms of observed variables and other non-observed individual characteristics. The empirical results confirm that there is clear evidence of a wage penalty for Spanish working women with children. Specifically, the fact that there is a birth in the family during the current year means that the woman loses 9% of her wage. We also find that having one child living in the household means a significant loss in wages of 6%, having two children, almost 14%, and having three or more, more than 15%.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 3574.

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Length: 35 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2008
Date of revision:
Publication status: published as 'The Motherhood Wage Penalty in Spain' in: Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 2009, 30 (3), 237-251
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp3574

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Keywords: fixed-effects estimation; motherhood wage penalty; Spain;

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Cited by:
  1. Ana Yetano & Sonia Royo & Basisilo Acerete, 2009. "What is driving the increasing presence of citizen participation initiatives?," Documentos de Trabajo, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza dt2009-02, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.
  2. Raúl Serrano & Vicente Pinilla, 2013. "New directions of trade for the agri-food industry: a disaggregated approach for different income countries, 1963-2000," Documentos de Trabajo, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza dt2013-02, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.
  3. Natividad Blasco & Pilar Corredor & Sandra Ferreruela, 2009. "Detecting intentional herding: what lies beneath intraday data in the spanish stock market," Documentos de Trabajo, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza dt2009-01, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.

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