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Why do Students Migrate? Where do they Migrate to?

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Author Info

  • Elise Brezis

    ()
    (Azrieli Center for Economic Policy (ACEP), Bar-Ilan University)

  • Ariel Soueri

    ()
    (Department of Economics, Bar-Ilan University; Ministry of Finance)

Abstract

The flow of students has grown very rapidly these last decades, and in some regions, has become twice as important as the flows of those seeking work. The purpose of this study is to explore the elements affecting students’ decision on migration. The two main elements affecting migration are wages, and quality of education. It should be stressed that the countries with the highest-quality education are not necessarily those with high wages. Therefore there is a need to explore whether it is quality of higher education or wage levels that determine the direction of student flows. First, we develop a simple two-stage model relating decisions on educational choices to those on job search. Our model shows that student migration is towards countries with the highest quality of higher education. In the second part of this study, we empirically investigate our theoretical model using a panel data on European OECD countries. We use the Bologna process to outline which of the elements, wages or educational quality, determines the direction of flows. We find strong evidence of concentration of students in countries with high-quality education and not in high-wage countries.

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File URL: http://www2.almalaurea.it/universita/pubblicazioni/wp/pdf/wp25.pdf
File Function: First version, 2011
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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by AlmaLaurea Inter-University Consortium in its series Working Papers with number 25.

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Length: 27
Date of creation: Sep 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:laa:wpaper:25

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Web page: http://www.almalaurea.it

Related research

Keywords: Migration; Human capital; Students; higher education; Bologna process; Brain drain.;

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References

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  1. Stark, Oded & Helmenstein, Christian & Prskawetz, Alexia, 1998. "Human Capital Depletion, Human Capital Formation, and Migration. A Blessing in a "Curse"?," Economics Series 55, Institute for Advanced Studies.
  2. Lydia Mechtenberg & Roland Strausz, . "The Bologna Process: How student mobility affects multi-cultural skills and educational quality," Papers 030, Departmental Working Papers.
  3. Ahn, N. & de la Rica, S. & Ugidos, A., 1998. "Willingness to Move for Work and Unemployment Duration in Spain," Papers 9801, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Y Financieros-.
  4. Beine, Michel & Docquier, Frederic & Rapoport, Hillel, 2001. "Brain drain and economic growth: theory and evidence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 275-289, February.
  5. Elise S. Brezis & Paul Krugman, 1993. "Immigration, Investment and Real Wages," NBER Working Papers 4563, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Donata Bessey, 2007. "International Student Migration to Germany," Economics of Education Working Paper Series 0006, University of Zurich, Institute for Strategy and Business Economics (ISU).
  7. Sylos Labini,Paolo, 2010. "Underdevelopment," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521142779, Fall.
  8. Panu Poutvaara, 2004. "Public Education in an Integrated Europe: Studying to Migrate and Teaching to Stay?," CESifo Working Paper Series 1369, CESifo Group Munich.
  9. Heaton, Christopher & Throsby, David, 1998. "Benefit-Cost Analysis of Foreign Student Flows from Developing Countries: The Case of Postgraduate Education," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 117-126, April.
  10. Akerlof George A & Kranton Rachel, 2010. "Identity Economics," The Economists' Voice, De Gruyter, vol. 7(2), pages 1-3, June.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Jean-Pascal Bénassy & Elise S. Brézis, 2012. "Brain Drain and Development Traps," Working Papers 2012-03, Department of Economics, Bar-Ilan University.

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