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The Bologna process: how student mobility affects multi-cultural skills and educational quality

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  • Lydia Mechtenberg

    ()

  • Roland Strausz

Abstract

We analyze the two goals behind the European Bologna Process of increasing student mobility: enabling graduates to develop multi--cultural skills and increasing the quality of universities. We isolate three effects: 1) a competition effect that raises quality; 2) a free rider effect that lowers quality; 3) a composition effect that influences the relative strengths of the two previous effects. The effects lead to a trade--off between the two goals. Full mobility may be optimal, only when externalities are high. In this case, student mobility yields inefficiently high educational quality. For more moderate externalities partial mobility is optimal and yields an inefficiently low quality of education.

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File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1007/s10797-007-9040-1
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal International Tax and Public Finance.

Volume (Year): 15 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 (April)
Pages: 109-130

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Handle: RePEc:kap:itaxpf:v:15:y:2008:i:2:p:109-130

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Web page: http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=102915

Related research

Keywords: Student mobility; Quality of education; Multi-cultural skills; Bologna process; D61; H77; I28;

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References

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  1. Kemnitz, Alexander, 2005. "Educational Federalism and the Quality Effects of Tuition Fees," Discussion Papers 617, Institut fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre und Statistik, Abteilung fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre.
  2. Poutvaara, Panu, 2006. "Public Education in an Integrated Europe: Studying to Migrate and Teaching to Stay?," IZA Discussion Papers 2478, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Justman, M. & Thisse, J.-F., . "Implications of the mobility of skilled labor for local public funding of higher education," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1296, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  4. Panu Poutvaara, 2003. "Educating Europe," Public Economics 0302008, EconWPA.
  5. Stark, Oded & Wang, Yong, 2001. "Inducing Human Capital Formation: Migration as a Substitute for Subsidies," Economics Series 100, Institute for Advanced Studies.
  6. Michel Beine & Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2001. "Brain drain and economic growth: theory and evidence," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/10449, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  7. Stark, Oded & Helmenstein, Christian & Prskawetz, Alexia, 1997. "A brain gain with a brain drain," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 55(2), pages 227-234, August.
  8. Poutvaara, Panu, 2004. "Educating Europe: Should Public Education be Financed with Graduate Taxes or Income-contingent Loans?," Munich Reprints in Economics 19296, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Bergerhoff, Jan & Borghans, Lex & Seegers, Philipp K. & van Veen, Tom, 2013. "International Education and Economic Growth," IZA Discussion Papers 7354, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Schwager, Robert, 2012. "Student loans in a tiebout model of higher education," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 137, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
  3. Marcel GERARD & Silke UEBELMESSER, 2014. "Financing Higher Education when Students and Graduates are Internationally Mobile," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2014010, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  4. repec:hal:wpaper:halshs-00564912 is not listed on IDEAS
  5. Gabrielle Demange & Robert Fenge & Silke Uebelmesser, 2008. "Financing Higher Education and Labor Mobility," CESifo Working Paper Series 2362, CESifo Group Munich.
  6. Schwager, Robert, 2012. "Student loans in a tiebout model of higher education," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 137, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
  7. Marcel Gérard & Mélanie Voin, 2013. "A Contribution to The Study of Global Competition for Talent: the determinants of student mobility and its consequences for the inter- nationalization of the labor market," Bruges European Economic Policy Briefings 27, European Economic Studies Department, College of Europe.
  8. Matthieu Delpierre & Bertrand Verheyden, 2011. "Student and Worker Mobility under University and Government Competition," CESifo Working Paper Series 3415, CESifo Group Munich.
  9. Gabrielle Demange & Robert Fenge & Silke Uebelmesser, 2012. "Financing Higher Education in a Mobile World," CESifo Working Paper Series 3849, CESifo Group Munich.
  10. Hübner, Malte, 2012. "The welfare effects of discriminating between in-state and out-of-state students," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1-2), pages 364-374.
  11. Marcel Gérard, 2008. "Financing Bologna, the Internationally Mobile Students in European Higher Education," CESifo Working Paper Series 2391, CESifo Group Munich.
  12. Elise Brezis & Ariel Soueri, 2011. "Why do Students Migrate? Where do they Migrate to?," Working Papers 25, AlmaLaurea Inter-University Consortium.
  13. Marcel Gerard, 2010. "Financing Bologna Students' Mobility," Taxation Papers 26, Directorate General Taxation and Customs Union, European Commission.
  14. Jan Bergerhoff & Lex Borghans & Philipp Seegers & Tom Veen, 2013. "International education and economic growth," IZA Journal of European Labor Studies, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 1-13, December.

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