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Reversal of Gender Gaps in Child Development: Evidence from Young Children in India

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  • López Bóo, Florencia

    ()
    (Inter-American Development Bank)

  • Canon, Maria Eugenia

    ()
    (Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis)

Abstract

This paper provides unique evidence of a reversal of gender gaps in cognitive development in early childhood. We find steep caste and gender gradients and few substantive changes once children enter school. The gender gap, however, reverses its sign for the upper caste, with girls performing better than boys at age 5 but thereafter following the general pattern in India of boys performing better.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 8191.

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Length: 16 pages
Date of creation: May 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8191

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Keywords: cognitive skills; India; gender; caste inequality; children; Oaxaca;

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  1. Sharmistha Self & Richard Grabowski, 2011. "Is there gender bias in participation in early childhood education programs in developing countries? Role of mother's education," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(7), pages 909-925, October.
  2. Ira N. Gang & Kunal Sen & Myeong-Su Yun, 2008. "Poverty In Rural India: Caste And Tribe," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 54(1), pages 50-70, 03.
  3. Norbert Schady & Jere Behrman & Maria Caridad Araujo & Raquel Bernal, 2014. "Wealth gradients in early childhood cognitive development in five Latin American countries," DOCUMENTOS CEDE, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE 010997, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
  4. Mohammed Niaz Asadullah & Uma Kambhampati & Florencia López Bóo, 2009. "Social Divisions in School Participation and Attainment in India: 1983-2004," IDB Publications 6774, Inter-American Development Bank.
  5. Renos Vakis & Christina Paxson & Daniela Marshall & Karen Macours & Florencia López Bóo & David Bravo & Raquel Bernal & Rodrigo Azuero & María Caridad Araujo & Jere R. Behrman & Norbert Schady, 2014. "Wealth Gradients in Early Childhood Cognitive Development in Five Latin American Countries Title: Gradientes de riqueza en el desarrollo cognitivo durante la primera infancia en cinco países de Amér," IDB Publications 83776, Inter-American Development Bank.
  6. Alan S. Blinder, 1973. "Wage Discrimination: Reduced Form and Structural Estimates," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 8(4), pages 436-455.
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