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Parental Education And Family Characteristics: Educational Opportunities Across Cohorts In Italy And Spain

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  • ANTONIO DI PAOLO

    (Universitat Rovira i Virgili)

Abstract

Drawing on data contained in the 2005 EU-SILC, this paper investigates the disparities in educational opportunities in Italy and Spain. Its main objective is to analyse the predicted probabilities of completing upper-secondary and tertiary education for individuals with different parental background, and the changes in these probabilities across birth cohorts extending from 1940 to 1980. The results suggest that the disparities in tertiary education opportunities in Italy tend to increase over time. By contrast, the gap in educational opportunity in Spain shows a marked decrease across the cohorts. Moreover, by using an intuitive decomposition strategy, the paper shows that a large part of the educational gap between individuals from different educational backgrounds is “composed” of the difference in the endowment of family characteristics. Specifically, it seems that more highly educated parents are more able to endow their children with a better composition of family characteristics, which accous for a significant proportion of the observed disparities in educational opportunity.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Universidad de Zaragoza, Departamento de Estructura Economica y Economia Publica in its journal Revista de Economía Aplicada.

Volume (Year): 20 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 (Spring)
Pages: 119-146

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Handle: RePEc:rev:reveca:v:20:y:2012:i:1:p:119-146

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Related research

Keywords: educational opportunity; family background; birth cohorts; Italy; Spain;

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Cited by:
  1. Croci Angelini, Elisabetta & Michelangeli, Alessandra, 2012. "Axiomatic measurement of multidimensional well-being inequality: Some distributional questions," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 41(5), pages 548-557.
  2. Francesco Vona, 2011. "Does the Expansion of Higher Education Reduce Educational Inequality? Evidence from 12 European Countries," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2011-12, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  3. Antonio Manresa & Ferran Sancho, 2012. "Leontief versus Ghosh: two faces of the same coin," Working Papers XREAP2012-18, Xarxa de Referència en Economia Aplicada (XREAP), revised Oct 2012.

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