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Declining Migration within the US: The Role of the Labor Market

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  • Molloy, Raven

    ()
    (Federal Reserve Board of Governors)

  • Smith, Christopher L.

    ()
    (Federal Reserve Board of Governors)

  • Wozniak, Abigail

    ()
    (University of Notre Dame)

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    Abstract

    Interstate migration has decreased steadily since the 1980s. We show that this trend is not primarily related to demographic and socioeconomic factors, but instead appears to be connected to a concurrent secular decline in labor market transitions. We explore a number of reasons for the declines in geographic and labor market transitions, and find the strongest support for explanations related to a decrease in the net benefit to changing employers. Our preferred interpretation is that the distribution of relevant outside offers has shifted in a way that has made labor market transitions, and thus geographic transitions, less desirable to workers.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 8149.

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    Length: 49 pages
    Date of creation: Apr 2014
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8149

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    Related research

    Keywords: migration; migration decline; labor market transitions; job transitions; returns to tenure;

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