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Do Babysitters Have More Kids? The Effects of Teenage Work Experiences on Adult Outcomes

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Author Info

  • Erdogan, Zeynep

    ()
    (Tilburg University)

  • Jacobsen, Joyce P.

    ()
    (Wesleyan University)

  • Kooreman, Peter

    ()
    (Tilburg University)

Abstract

We examine the work experiences during middle school and high school of U.S. females and males and find that most of the child-oriented work such as babysitting and camp counseling is done by females. If the type of work undertaken while young affects either development of specific human capital or preferences, then these early work experiences may have measurable effects on later life outcomes. This paper examines whether or not having a job as a teenager, and whether or not it is a child-oriented job, causes differences in labor market behavior among young adults. In addition to a set of standard controls, in order to account for the endogeneity of students’ work decisions, we utilize a set of state-level instruments, including state-level child-labor laws and indicators of relative demand for, and supply of, child-oriented workers. While the effects we find are complex and sometimes hard to interpret, they suggest that work in 10th grade has a positive causal effect on later labor market outcomes and delays family formation, but to a lesser extent when jobs were child-oriented.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6856.

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Length: 51 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6856

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Related research

Keywords: human capital; gender; jobs while in school; labor market; family formation;

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  1. John H. Tyler, 2003. "Using State Child Labor Laws to Identify the Effect of School-Year Work on High School Achievement," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(2), pages 353-380, April.
  2. V. Joseph Hotz & Lixin Colin Xu & Marta Tienda & Avner Ahituv, 2002. "Are There Returns To The Wages Of Young Men From Working While In School?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(2), pages 221-236, May.
  3. Meyer, Robert H & Wise, David A, 1983. "The Effects of the Minimum Wage on the Employment and Earnings of Youth," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 1(1), pages 66-100, January.
  4. Kooreman, Peter, 2009. "The early inception of labor market gender differences," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(2), pages 135-139, April.
  5. Ruhm, Christopher J, 1997. "Is High School Employment Consumption or Investment?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(4), pages 735-76, October.
  6. Franz Buscha & Arnaud Maurel & Lionel Page & Stefan Speckesser, 2007. "The Effect of High School Employment on Educational Attainment : A Conditional Difference-in-Differences Approach," Working Papers 2007-40, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Babysitting and labor market outcomes
    by Economic Logician in Economic Logic on 2013-08-07 15:06:00
  2. Do Babysitters Have More Kids? The Effects of Teenage Work Experiences on Adult Outcomes
    by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2012-10-12 17:36:56

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