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Differences in Employment Outcomes for College Town Stayers and Leavers

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  • Winters, John V.

    ()
    (Oklahoma State University)

Abstract

Areas surrounding colleges and universities are often able to build their local stock of human capital by retaining recent graduates in the area after they finish their education. This paper classifies 41 U.S. metropolitan areas as "college towns" and investigates differences in employment outcomes between college graduates who stay in the college town where they obtained their degree and college graduates who leave after completing their degree. We find that college town stayers experience less favorable employment outcomes along multiple dimensions. On average, stayers earn lower annual and hourly wages and work in less educated occupations.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6723.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: IZA Journal of Migration, 2012, 1:11
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6723

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Related research

Keywords: college towns; migration; human capital; education; wages;

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References

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  1. Bulent Anil & David L. Sjoquist & Sally Wallace, 2010. "The Effect of a Program-Based Housing Move on Employment: HOPE VI in Atlanta," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, Southern Economic Association, vol. 77(1), pages 138-160, July.
  2. Jaison Abel & Todd Gabe, 2011. "Human Capital and Economic Activity in Urban America," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(8), pages 1079-1090.
  3. Winters, John V., 2009. "Wages and prices: Are workers fully compensated for cost of living differences?," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 632-643, September.
  4. John V. Winters, 2013. "Human capital externalities and employment differences across metropolitan areas of the USA," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(5), pages 799-822, September.
  5. David Huffman & John M. Quigley, 2002. "The role of the university in attracting high tech entrepreneurship: A Silicon Valley tale," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, Springer, vol. 36(3), pages 403-419.
  6. Jeffrey J. Yankow, 2003. "Migration, Job Change, and Wage Growth: A New Perspective on the Pecuniary Return to Geographic Mobility," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(3), pages 483-516.
  7. Christopher R. Berry & Edward L. Glaeser, 2005. "The divergence of human capital levels across cities," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 84(3), pages 407-444, 08.
  8. Yankow, Jeffrey J., 2006. "Why do cities pay more? An empirical examination of some competing theories of the urban wage premium," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 139-161, September.
  9. Ronald L. Whisler & Brigitte S. Waldorf & Gordon F. Mulligan & David A. Plane, 2008. "Quality of Life and the Migration of the College-Educated: A Life-Course Approach," Growth and Change, Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, vol. 39(1), pages 58-94.
  10. Roger Axelsson & Olle Westerlund, 1998. "A panel study of migration, self-selection and household real income," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 11(1), pages 113-126.
  11. John V. Winters, 2011. "Why Are Smart Cities Growing? Who Moves And Who Stays," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(2), pages 253-270, 05.
  12. Florida, Richard & Mellander, Charlotta & Stolarick, Kevin, 2007. "Inside the Black Box of Regional Development - human capital, the creative class and tolerance," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies 88, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  13. Groen, J.A.Jeffrey A., 2004. "The effect of college location on migration of college-educated labor," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 121(1-2), pages 125-142.
  14. Enrico Moretti, 2002. "Estimating the Social Return to Higher Education: Evidence From Longitudinal and Repeated Cross-Sectional Data," NBER Working Papers 9108, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Melanie Arntz, 2010. "What Attracts Human Capital? Understanding the Skill Composition of Interregional Job Matches in Germany," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(4), pages 423-441.
  16. Boheim, Rene & Taylor, Mark P., 2007. "From the dark end of the street to the bright side of the road? The wage returns to migration in Britain," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 99-117, January.
  17. repec:fth:stanho:e-95-4 is not listed on IDEAS
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Cited by:
  1. Kidd, Michael & O'Leary, Nigel C. & Sloane, Peter J., 2014. "Should I Stay or Should I Go? An Investigation of Graduate Regional Mobility in the UK and its Impact upon Early Career Earnings," IZA Discussion Papers 8325, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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