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What Attracts Human Capital? Understanding the Skill Composition of Interregional Job Matches in Germany

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  • Melanie Arntz

Abstract

Arntz M. What attracts human capital? Understanding the skill composition of interregional job matches in Germany, Regional Studies. By examining pecuniary and non-pecuniary factors in the destination choices of heterogeneous job movers, this paper tries to explain the skill composition of interregional job matches in Germany. It thus provides insights on how policy can affect the spatial allocation of human capital to promote convergence between regions such as eastern and western Germany. Estimates from a nested logit model suggest that the spatial pattern of job moves by high-skilled individuals are mainly driven by interregional income differentials, while interregional job matches by less-skilled individuals are mainly determined by interregional differentials in job opportunities. The role of regional amenities in attracting high-skilled labour turns out to be less clear. [image omitted] Arntz M. Qu'est-ce qui seduit le capital humain?: comprendre l'ensemble des competences des emplois correspondants interregionaux en Allemagne, Regional Studies. En examinant des facteurs pecuniaires et non-pecuniaires quant a la destination des individus a la recherche d'emploi heterogenes, cet article essaye d'expliquer l'ensembles des competences des emplois correspondants en Allemagne. Il fournit donc des apercus sur la facon dont la politique peut influer sur la distribution geographique du capital humain dans le but de promouvoir la convergence des regions, telles l'est et l'ouest de l'Allemagne. Des estimations provenant d'un modele du type logit emboite laissent supposer que les ecarts du revenu regional sont le principal moteur de la distribution geographique des deplacements a la recherche d'emploi par des individus hautement qualifies, alors que les emplois correspondants inter-regionaux des individus moins qualifies sont determines dans une large mesure par les ecarts inter-regionaux des possibilites d'emploi. Il s'avere que le role des equipements regionaux dans l'attraction de la main-d'oeuvre hautement qualifiee est moins evident. Choix de destination Distribution geographique du capital humain Convergence Arntz M. Was zieht Humankapital an? Ein Beitrag zu einem besseren Verstandnis der qualifikatorischen Zusammensetzung von interregionalen Arbeitsplatzwechseln in Deutschland, Regional Studies. Durch eine Untersuchung von pekuniaren und nicht pekuniaren Faktoren bei der Standortwahl heterogener Arbeitsplatzwechsler wird in diesem Beitrag versucht, die Zusammensetzung von Qualifikationen bei der interregionalen Angebots- und Nachfragesituation auf dem deutschen Arbeitsmarkt zu erklaren. Auf diese Weise werden Einblicke geliefert, wie die Politik auf die raumliche Zuweisung von Humankapital einwirken kann, um die Konvergenz von Regionen wie Ost- und Westdeutschland zu fordern. Die Schatzungen eines Nested-Logit-Modells lassen darauf schliessen, dass das raumliche Muster des Arbeitsplatzwechsels von hochqualifizierten Personen in erster Linie von interregionalen Einkommensdifferentialen abhangt, wahrend die interregionale Arbeitsplatzsuche weniger qualifizierter Personen vor allem von interregionalen Differentialen hinsichtlich des Arbeitsplatzangebots beeinflusst wird. Die Bedeutung weicher Standortfaktoren fur die Zuwanderung Hochqualifizierter erweist sich als weniger klar. Standortwahl Raumliche Zuweisung von Humankapital Konvergenz Arntz M. �Que atrae el capital humano? Entender la composicion de habilidades de adaptacion laboral interregional en Alemania, Regional Studies. Al examinar los factores pecuniarios y no pecuniarios en la eleccion de destinos por parte de las personas heterogeneas que cambian de domicilio por motivos laborales, en este articulo intento explicar la composicion de habilidades de la demanda y oferta laboral a nivel interregional en Alemania. De este modo, expongo una perspectiva de como puede afectar la politica a la asignacion espacial del capital humano para fomentar la convergencia entre las regiones, tales como el este y el oeste de Alemania. Las estimaciones de un modelo logit anidado indican que el modelo espacial de movimientos laborales de individuos altamente cualificados esta impulsado principalmente por diferenciales de ingresos interregionales, mientras que la demanda interregional de empleo por personas menos cualificadas esta determinada sobre todo por diferenciales interregionales en las oportunidades laborales. Lo que esta menos claro es el papel de las prestaciones regionales a la hora de atraer mano de obra altamente cualificada. Eleccion del destino Asignacion espacial del capital humano Convergencia

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 44 (2010)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 423-441

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:44:y:2010:i:4:p:423-441

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Keywords: Destination choice; Spatial allocation of human capital; Convergence;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Björn Alecke & Timo Mitze & Gerhard Untiedt, 2009. "Internal Migration, Regional Labour Market Dynamics and Implications for German East-West Disparities – Results from a Panel VAR," Ruhr Economic Papers 0096, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  2. Stefan Arent & Alexander Eck & Oskar Krohmer & Robert Lehmann & Wolfgang Nagl & Joachim Ragnitz & Marcel Thum, 2011. "Wirtschaftliche Entwicklung Sachsens im Ländervergleich: Bestandsaufnahme und Perspektiven: Gutachten im Auftrag der Sächsischen Staatskanzlei," ifo Dresden Studien, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 59, October.
  3. Arntz, Melanie & Gregory, Terry & Lehmer, Florian, 2012. "Unequal Pay or Unequal Employment? What Drives the Skill-Composition of Labor Flows in Germany?," Annual Conference 2012 (Goettingen): New Approaches and Challenges for the Labor Market of the 21st Century 62309, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  4. Oliver Bischoff, 2010. "Explaining Regional Variation in Equilibrium Real Estate Prices and Income," Working Papers 036, Chair for Economic Policy, University of Hamburg.
  5. Karsten Kohn & Dirk Antonczyk, 2013. "The aftermath of reunification," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 21(1), pages 73-110, 01.
  6. Christian Reiner, 2010. "Which policy options for Europe in the global competition for talent? Brain competition policy as a new breed of locational policy with positive externalities," SRE-Disc sre-disc-2010_01, Institute for the Environment and Regional Development, Department of Socioeconomics, Vienna University of Economics and Business.
  7. Lutz Schneider & Alexander Kubis, 2010. "Are there Gender-specific Preferences for Location Factors? A Grouped Conditional Logit-Model of Interregional Migration Flows in Germany," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 130(2), pages 143-168.
  8. Hiller, Norbert & Lerbsy, Oliver, 2014. "The capitalization of non-market attributes into regional housing rents and wages: Evidence on German functional labor market areas," CAWM Discussion Papers 71, Center of Applied Economic Research Münster (CAWM), University of Münster.
  9. Kohn, Karsten & Antonczyk, Dirk, 2011. "The Aftermath of Reunification: Sectoral Transition, Gender, and Rising Wage Inequality in East Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 5708, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  10. Winters, John V., 2012. "Differences in Employment Outcomes for College Town Stayers and Leavers," IZA Discussion Papers 6723, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  11. Herbst, Mikolaj & Rok, Jakub, 2013. "Mobility of human capital and its effect on regional economic development. Review of theory and empirical literature," MPRA Paper 45755, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  12. Annekatrin Niebuhr & Tanja Buch & Silke Hamann & Anja Rossen, 2012. "Jobs or Amenities – What determines the migration balances of cities?," ERSA conference papers ersa12p401, European Regional Science Association.
  13. Terry Gregory & Melanie Arntz & Florian Lehmer, 2011. "Unequal Pay or Unequal Employment? What Drives the Self-Selection of Internal Migrants in Germany?," ERSA conference papers ersa11p972, European Regional Science Association.

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